For which he started to use doctrine of lapse. The revolt of 1857 played an important role in bringing the Indian people together and imparting to them the consciousness of belonging to one country. 1. Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah 3. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. Unpopular administration as the British officials were not easily approachable and the language need was English, aliean to the natives. India got independence from the British rule on 15th August, 1947, but the fundamental struggle that led to freedom has been a long drawn process. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence.It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. Political Causes: The British policy of territorial annexations led to the displacement of a large number of rulers and chiefs. It was a mere ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ to some British historians—”a wholly unpatriotic and selfish Sepoy Mutiny with no native leadership and no -popular support”, said Sir John Seeley. There was diverse reasons like political, economic, military, religious and social reasons for the uprising of revolt against the tyranny of British East India company. stream It led to changes in the system of administration and the policy of the Government. But the character of the great uprising of 1857 is controversial. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. Rampant corruption, among the police, petty officials and lower law courts. The East India Company was aiming to annex all the states of India like Avadh, Tanjore, Jhansi, Satara, etc. British rule also meant misery to the artisans and handicrafts-men. Number of historians argue that the revolt. Majumdar, however, considers it as neither the first, nor national, nor a war of independence as large parts of the country remained unaffected and many sections of the people took no part in the upsurge. There are some political as well as social reasons for the war.the doctrine of lapse was one of the major reasons.when a ruler of a state died and there was no legal heir to take his place the british would take over that state Political Causes of the First War of Indian Independence Policy of Expansion: After the Battle of Plassey, the British began to conquer Indian territories rapidly. V D Savarkar wrote book in 1902 and called revolt of 1857 as 1st National War of Independence because: The revolt represented the biggest coordinated armed revolt against the British rule. There are many causes for this war which are: Political. V D Savarkar wrote book in 1902 and called revolt of 1857 as 1st National War of Independence because: The revolt represented the biggest coordinated armed revolt against the British rule. The Army, which was at the forefront of the outbreak, was thoroughly reorganised and British military policy came to be dominated by the idea of “division and counterpoise”. The era of annexations and expansion ended and the British promised to respect the dignity and rights of the native princes. endobj Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . Spell. Causes 1857 War of Independence can be analyzed in terms of several sets of causative factors such as military unrest, religious tensions, social discontentment, economic frustration etc. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. He researched about it and found out that it was for the first time that local rulers and zamindars stood against the British Rule. It also affected large parts of North and Central India. Political Causes of revolt of 1857, first war of Independence 1800-212-7858 / 9372462318. Zamindars, the traditional landed aristocracy, often saw their land rights forfeited with frequent use of a quo warranto by the administration. Match. John Nicholson, the leader of the siege, was badly wounded and later succumbed to his injuries. Newly introduced Enfield rifle’s trigger point was made of beef and pig fat. Concecrated in 1836 St. James's and the surrounding area saw some of the fiercest episodes in the first Indian war of Independence in 1857. Under the British rule, there was a severe deterioration of the condition of Indian agriculture. First war of independence, 1857. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence.It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. Under the British rule, there was a severe deterioration of the condition of Indian agriculture. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. The war of 1857 was hailed as the first war of independence because the revolt of 1857 was a result of discontent which was prevailing inside every Indian for colonialism. Political and Social Causes of Revolt of 1857 Recently Akash got to know that revolt of 1857 is also known as First War of Independence. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. And then came the explosion at Meerut. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). It is now an admitted fact that th mass uprising of the people of Indo-Pakistan against the British rule in 1857 was not a spontaneous reaction of alien rule but the emption of the volcano of discontent which had kept smoldering for about a century. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. By the early twentieth century, the debate has taken a form that endures to this day, as radical nationalists discovered a general state of ‘war’ in the events of 1857-59, while the apologists of empire preferred the suggestion of a local disturbance that the term ‘mutiny’ evoked. In 1857 British faced a serious challenge to their rule in India. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. • The Muslims were shaken by the removal of Muslim authority. The Revolt of —the First War of Independence! 1. On the other hand, the European soldiers were equipped with the latest weapons of war like the Enfield rifle. Match. For: Preliminary & Mains As the land levies were a major source of revenue for the British, they tried to make maximum out of it. endobj There are some political as well as social reasons for the war.the doctrine of lapse was one of the major reasons.when a ruler of a state died and there was no legal heir to take his place the british would take over that state (Cause of dissatisfaction was the order that they would not be given the foreign service allowance (Matta) when serving in Sindh or in Punjab), Racial discrimination. Lack of a coherent ideology and a political perspective. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. <> STUDY. Answer: Political Causes: Among the political causes of the revolt the chief factor was the Doctrine of Lapse followed by Lord Dalhousie. The company also did not spend the revenues of the land for the benefit of the land and its people. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. *����d�� �;J��>�?�u���� WN�U��Q״��tn�'��Л�W�,��u��!����}Zf$�#�uʲ� �cH߄�c�u s�q �5:�e����fA��.R_%����Of��%�\ˌ%����? 10:00 AM to 7:00 PM IST all days. Dr R.C. Racial hatred and suspicion between the Indians and the English was aggravated. Political causes of Revolt of 1857 - shortcut The political causes for the First War of Independence (1857) include: (a) British policy of expansion (b) Disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah (c) Treatment given to Nana Saheb and Rani Laxmi Bai (d) Absentee sovereignty of the British 3. On the other hand some Indian historians have preferred to portray it as the “First war of Independence.” ?���[��@ҁ�Fl:�Q��6$�m�s�H�X39��PՈJ It also affected large parts of North and Central India. Revolt of 1857 – Causes The Revolt of 1857 took place due to various reasons rather than any single event. Terms in this set (16) What were the political causes of the first war of independence? Click one of our member below to chat on. This War was fought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their domination. Spell. 1. The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. The revolt was poorly organized with no coordination or central leadership. yet much less than a first war of Independence. Under the doctrine of lapse, the British annexed any Indian state where the ruler did not have a male heir. Policy of expansion 2. Although, it was unsuccessful but left great memories. • In 1858, after the war of independence, India came under the British Crown directly. There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . The revolt began at Meerut, 58 km from Delhi, on May 10, 1857 and then, gathering force rapidly, soon embraced a vast area from the Punjab in the north and the Narmada in the south to Bihar in the east and Rajputana in the west. The company also did not spend the revenues of the land for the benefit of the land and its people. Influence of outside events the revolt of 1857 coincided with certain outside events in which the British suffered serious losses—the first afghan war (1838-42), Punjab wars (1845-49), Crimean wars (1854-56), santhal rebellion (1855-57). Tyrannical Rule: • The rebels due to their incompetence failed to … Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the former on non-payment of debt dues. 2 0 obj The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. He was overpowered and executed on April 6 while his regiment was disbanded in May. The right of succession was denied to Hindu princes. As British extended their control they introduced many ways of grabbing land like the use of Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by Lord Dalhousie was very unpopular. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. Social and military unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun 1857... Banning of cow slaughter was ordered once the revolt of 1857 – Beginning,,! 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