The Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) This could mexicanolide limonoids named seneganolide, hydroxyseneganolide and acetoxyseneganolide. endstream endobj startxref The dried leaves were pounded … The white flowers are sweet-scented; the fruit changes from grey to black when ripening. Khaya Senegalensis Dried Leaves for Oil Sorption für € 29,80. Mus. Khaya senegalensis is a multipurpose African timber species. Khaya senegalensis is a multipurpose African timber species. %PDF-1.5 %���� Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. The leaves of Khaya senegalensis obtained and identified were air-dried. Khaya senegalensis belonging to family Meliaceae. Foliage of K. senegalensis. Khaya senegalensis fruiting branch. This study addresses the effects of Khaya senegalensis leaves on performance, carcass traits, hematological and biochemical parameters in growing rabbits. It has a straight, robust and cylindrical trunk, with buttresses at the base. Native to Africa, Khaya senegalensis or known in various common names such as dry zone Mahogany, African mahogany, Gambia mahogany, khaya wood, and Senegal mahogany among others is a medium-sized tree of about 15 -30 m tall. Distribution of 12 Khaya senegalensis study populations in two ecological regions of Benin. Buttresses not prominent or absent. Seeds Photograph by: Roger Culos Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0. Bridelia ferruginea, Blighia sapida,andKhaya senegalensis Leaves Powders and Extracts against Dinoderus porcellus in Infested Dried Yam Chips LauraYêyinouLoko,1 ObédatouAlagbe,2 ElieA.Dannon,3 BenjaminDatinon,3 AzizeOrobiyi,1 AgnésThomas-Odjo,2 AlexandreDansi,1 andManueleTamò3 This tree from central and west Africa, has a smooth grey-barked trunk, and it can be distinguished from Swietenia by the different shaped leaves and the smaller globular fruit. Yes it is Khaya senegalensis (Ders.) The seeds and leaves are also used to treat fever and headache while the root extract is used to treat mental illness, leprosy and syphilis (Maydell, 1986). Bulg. K. senegalensis growing in Upper Guinea: a wide, well-developed crown, up to 35 m high on deep soils, commonly 15-20 m in savanna. African mahogany. The native eucalypts had twice the maximum leaf hydraulic conductance but a much higher P50 of −1.5 MPa. African Journal of Biotechnology 2008;7(5):661-3. Key words: Khaya senegalensis, wood dust, stain, histology, mordant INTRODUCTION Khaya senegalensis commonly known as African mahogany is a tree belonging to the family Meliaceae. Unlike mahogany, Khaya does not shed leaves periodically. leaves and flowers of Khaya senegalensis (Meliaceae). According to a study carried out by these authors in Nigeria on rats, the LD50 of the extract is higher than 3000 mg∙kg −1 body weight. grid has 1 cm divisions). According to Nwosu et al. El-Aswad AF, Abdelgaleil SAM, Nakatani M. Feeding deterrant and growth inhibitory properties of limonoids from Khaya senegalensis against the cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Microorganism Drug Fraction S. aureus Streptococcus spp. K. senegalensis bark is an important medicine for malaria, the leaves are pruned by indigenous Fulani herders as a critical source of fodder for their livestock, and the timber is highly prized. This study addresses the effects of Khaya senegalensis leaves on performance, carcass traits, hematological and biochemical parameters in growing rabbits. To examine its potential for clonal propagation, the effects of cutting length, leaf area, stockplant maturation, auxin, and smoke solution treatments were investigated. K. senegalensis has evolved in a wet-dry tropical climate in west Africa (600 to To examine its potential for clonal propagation, the effects of cutting length, leaf area, stockplant maturation, auxin, and smoke solution treatments were investigated. |�@���P�(0廠p���wqt�K���9eI��p��0�WA��� The trunk is up to 1 m in diameter and can be unbranched for up to 16 m. The leaves are 20 cm long with 3-6 pairs of leaflets. Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- as seen in photo Inflorescence Type/ Size- as seen in photo Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-as seen in photo Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- not found Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- no idea This is Khaya senegalensis . Usually evergreen, … K. senegalensis has evolved in a wet-dry tropical climate in west Africa (600 to Keywords: Khaya senegalensis, rabbit, performance, blood parameters, carcass Khaya senegalensis market under Khaya senegalensis, Burkina Faso. Description. Comparative foliar anatomy of the three Khaya species was carried out to identify and describe distinctive anatomical characters that could possibly be used to delimit the three taxa. (1830) is a monoecious evergreen or semi-deciduous tree, 20-30 m tall, with trunk, of up to about 1 m of diameter, provided at the base of the oldest specimens of short tabular roots (flat roots similar to buttresses), and dark grey bark initially smooth then tending to flake off with the age. 1. Townsville. Yoruba and Nupe tribes to treat malaria, jaundice, edema and headache.5 Khaya senegalensis is a tree with shiny foliage up to 25 m or more with exfoliating barks, young branches with dark, grayish-brown lenticels and leaves of 15-60 cm or more. Data on reproductive characteristics were collected from 12 populations spread across two ecological regions (Sudanian and Sudano–Guinean). Seeds are brown, broadly ellipsoid to flat in shape, paper thin and measure 25 x 18 mm, with narrowly-winged margins. A. Juss. Khaya senegalensis is a deciduous evergreen tree, 15-30 m high, up to 1 m in diameter, with a clean bole to 8-16 m, buttresses not prominent or absent; bark dark grey, with small, thin, reddish-tinged scales; slash dark pink to bright crimson, exuding a red sap. ����]�ӯFw�#b4Za�'A��x~35A�G�|En�|&f�JJ�*�A�L"�1�e����ę�1�3��M���W�D����f��������b �2H0s�$�@�� ��8)a��x�����$���H�q�7� q� The leaves are used as a fodder for cattle and camels, although they are not very palatable. In west Africa, Fulani herdmen prune the tree during the dry season to feed cattle. Khaya senegalensis and Cassia occidentalis ethanolic leaves extract were evaluated for their effectiveness to suppress wood damage by termite at the Department of Biological Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. This plant has been used as traditional medicine for several disease such as pain, inflammation, malaria, anemia, diabetic and gastrointestinal diseases. Indeed at the very young stage (one week after germination), the plant still depends on the starch contained in the seed. The wood is highly-valued for its beauty and quality, and is often used in furniture and boat building. (1)Fodder: Young leaves contain fairly large amounts of digestible crude protein. Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- as seen in photo Inflorescence Type/ Size- as seen in photo Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-as seen in photo Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- not found Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.- no idea This is Khaya senegalensis . Cream; tree. The native eucalypts had twice the maximum leaf hydraulic conductance but a much higher P50 of -1.5 MPa. h�b```f``�f`a`0``@ &�(G��� ����qP��e��,��t���� -�Pz�.�`ch`n�`m�`¡h�"�> � �i�k���/i(21(N�;ga:XF����z ��]@������Ϩ` � � Seeds of dry zone mahogany from Upper Guinea (NB. Khaya senegalensis occurs from Mauritania and Senegal east to northern Uganda. The effect of sub-lethal concentrations 39.93 mg.L-1, 19.97 mg.L and 9.98 mg.L-1 of methanol leaves extract of Khaya senegalensis on growth and food utilization were investigated on juveniles’ African catfi sh, Clarias gariepinus for a period of fi ve months (February-June 2015). Khaya senegalensis A. Juss (Meliaceae) is a popular medicinal plant, widely used in the management of various ailments in the African traditional medi… Khaya senegalensis For 12 weeks, the growth performance (number of leaves, seedling collar diameter and height) and biomass accumulated by roots, stem and leaves of seedlings in each treatment were measured, fortnightly. These types of trees are planted to enhance the landscape with plants and are planted all over most major urban cities. 0 Therefore, further studies are required to elucidate the maximum tolerable and toxic, as well as lethal doses, and to isolate the pharmacologically active components from KS leaves. Par. Khaya senegalensis belonging to family Meliaceae. Common name. H�lT�N�@}�W�㺊���^��&8�6d[��!$҆h���v�k' !G���9s�����n�q��4� �M⨴���\H�g��,��>ap�PƘ�fa���\���dV‡_�������9���u��AY�����,\iH�5��QÄ��S����+��b:��u���nN�?췻PMb��V�u���竿�>O5V���w��. Keywords: Khaya senegalensis, Leaves, Bark, Phytochemical Screening, GC-MS Analysis, Antioxidant Activity 1. The survey revealed seven plants traditionally used for malaria treatment in Senegal: Azadirachta indica (leaves and stem bark), Khaya senegalensis (stem bark), Anogeissus leiocarpus (stem bark), Ficus gnaphalocarpa (stem bark), I. senegalensis (leaves), Nauclea latifolia (leaves, stem bark and roots), Cassia occidentalis (leaves). 17. Flowers The objective of this study to carry out phytochemical screening, determination of chemical composition and determine antioxidant activity of plant extracts. Overexploited for its precious wood and medicinal values, the natural stands of this species are in danger of extinction in Cote d’Ivoire. K. senegalensis exhibited an isohydric behaviour and also had a lower hydraulic vulnerability to cavitation in leaves, with a P50 of -2.3 MPa. K. senegalensis is harvested heavily for its leaves, which are pruned by the indigenous Fulani tribe to feed their livestock (Sinsin, Oloulotan & Oumorou 1989; Petit 2003). The development of clonal propagation could improve plantation establishment, which is currently impeded by mahogany shoot borer. El-Aswad AF, Abdelgaleil SAM, Nakatani M. Feeding deterrant and growth inhibitory properties of limonoids from Khaya senegalensis against the cotton leafworm, Spodoptera littoralis. Khaya senegalensis and Cassia occidentalis ethanolic leaves extract were evaluated for their effectiveness to suppress wood damage by termite at the Department of Biological Sciences, Bayero University, Kano, Nigeria. Crude Extracts of Khaya Senegalensis *Kankia, H. I., Zainab, S. A Department of Biochemistry, Umaru Musa Yar’adua University, Katsina, Nigeria Abstract- The aim of this work was to investigate and compare the phytochemical screening and antimicrobial activities of different crude extracts from leaves, barks and roots of Khaya senegalensis. (3)Khaya senegalensis and Gliricidia sepuim were completely rejected by sheep. Eight new limonoids, khayseneganins A–H (1–8), and 31 known limonoids were isolated from the leaves and twigs of Khaya senegalensis. h޼Vmo�0�+�q�����TEJҦ��vQ��IU>��%H"�Z���3�@�tMRU�����3g� )�q �&\�p� g Rastrococcus invadens (fruit tree mealybug), Phellinus noxius (brown tea root disease). Flower colour; life form. (2)Foliage is suitable as fodder for grazing stock. According to a study carried out by these authors in Nigeria on rats, the LD50 of the extract is higher than 3000 mg∙kg −1 body weight. The leaf arrangement is alternate; the leaves themselves are odd- or even-pinnate compound, around 50 - 70cm long, with 3 - 7 pairs of leaflets on each leaf. Ecological region Population (coordinates) Habitat Harvest intensity Protection status Other disturbances; Fire Logging; Sudano-Guinean: Dogue (N9°05′–E1°56′) … The bark is dark grey to grey-brown while the heartwood is brown with a pink-red pigment made up of coarse interlocking grains. Antimicrobial efficacy of different extracts of roots, stem-bark and leaves of Khaya Senegalensis against human pathogenic bacteria (zones of inhibition in mm). Screening leaf extract of Khaya senegalensis for nematocidal activity: This was carried out in accordance with the methods described by Akhtar and Mahmoud (1994). Senegal mahogany growing in Upper Guinea. Khaya senegalensis flowers. Khaya senegalensis. K. senegalensis exhibited an isohydric behaviour and also had a lower hydraulic vulnerability to cavitation in leaves, with a P50 of -2.3 MPa. 19: 249, 1830; Singh et al, Fl. The ethanolic crude extract of the stem bark of Khaya senegalensis has been reported to possess free radical scavenging activity (Lompo et al., 2007). The present study aimed to test the insecticidal and repellent activities of powders and extracts of leaves of Bridelia ferruginea , Blighia sapida , and Khaya senegalensis > against D. porcellus. YELLOW FLAME TREE. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Adaole & Balogun: Ecotoxicity of K. senegalensis leaves’ extracts 42 sediment contaminated with the aqueous and etha-lonic extracts of Khaya senegalensis leaves and using Chironomus spp. Khaya matures in mere 10 to 12 years, whereas mahogany requires 20 to 25 years. These limonoids have a wide range of biological activities and growth-regulating properties to humans and animals [1]. The practical integration of natural resources, such as plant leaves, in the animal industry remains a major challenge for farmers. Acute ecotoxicities of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of leaves of Khaya senegalensis to Chironomid larvae were evalu-ated by static bioassay. Dirk Thies The leaf arrangement is alternate; the leaves themselves are odd- or even-pinnate compound, around 50 - 70cm long, with 3 - 7 pairs of leaflets on each leaf. Native to Africa, Khaya senegalensis or known in various common names such as dry zone Mahogany, African mahogany, Gambia mahogany, khaya wood, and Senegal mahogany among others is a medium-sized tree of about 15 -30 m tall. Introduction Traditional medicine is the sum total of knowledge, skills and practices based on the theories, believes and experiences related to different cultures that are meant to maintain health 59 0 obj <> endobj Khaya senegalensis For 12 weeks, the growth performance (number of leaves, seedling collar diameter and height) and biomass accumulated by roots, stem and leaves of seedlings in each treatment were measured, fortnightly. The K. senegalensis species evolved in a tropical wet and dry climate in West Africa (rainfall ranging between 600 to 800 annual mm) and most likely adapts well to semi-arid regions of Brazil. It has a bole that is up to 1 metre in diameter, unbranched for 8 - 16 metres, the buttresses are neither prominent nor absent. The timber of Khaya is called "African mahogany", with properties generally regarded as the closest to genuine mahogany. These trees play a significant role in developing a greener environment in urban areas. h�bbd``b`� A.Juss. Khaya senegalensis seeds in fruit. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. B. subtilis Roots R R R R R R A young Khaya plant within its first year develops a deep root system that makes it a drought resistant plant. This tree from central and west Africa, has a smooth grey-barked trunk, and it can be distinguished from Swietenia by the different shaped leaves and the smaller globular fruit. Sublethal effect of methanol leaves extracts of Khaya senegalensis on growth and food utilization of the African Catfi sh Clarias gariapenius. The use of KS leaves as a feed substitute has multiple implications. The native eucalypts had twice the maximum leaf hydraulic conductance but a much higher P50 of -1.5 MPa. Khaya senegalensis Desr (A.Juss), in two contrasting ecological regions in Benin, West Africa. The LC 50 of aqueous and ethanolic extracts were 1.39g/l and 1.20g/l respectively. Mah. Mus. 19: 249, 1830; Singh et al, Fl. Khaya senegalensis has been reported to possess free radical scavenging activity (Lompo et al., 2007). Keywords: Khaya senegalensis, Leaves, Bark, Phytochemical Screening, GC-MS Analysis, Antioxidant Activity 1. African mahogany. Diabetes mellitus is … nX)�YZ���zM���D��D�S�4ɳy�dr1&�詜���z4�E� i\f:� � �"�� 0�ip�r2}�D��H�������(-A����ͷ(^�J`�RrU�g'� _�����CO� Juss., K. grandifoliola C. DC. Table 2. The objective of this study to carry out phytochemical screening, determination of chemical composition and determine antioxidant activity of plant extracts. However, the leaves shed by the trees may be considered as waste. Foliage of K. senegalensis. %%EOF African mahogany is a medium-sized tree which can grow up to 15–30 m in height and 1 m in diameter. [7], the aqueous extract of the leaves of Khaya senegalensis is not toxic. According to Nwosu et al. The leaflets are oblong to elliptical, dark green and glossy on the upper side, and light green on the underside. Probably the wood of Khaya senegalensis is occasionally mixed with the wood of other Khaya spp. Dinoderus porcellus is considered as the most important pest of stored yam chips and compounds extracted from plants can be used for its control. 72 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<7995F7FCAB8BB574C5D2D2938E126FFC>]/Index[59 26]/Info 58 0 R/Length 71/Prev 118510/Root 60 0 R/Size 85/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream The leaves are pinnate, with 4-6 pairs of leaflets, ... Khaya senegalensis, also known as "African dry zone mahogany" or mubaba in the Shona language, is also used for its herbaceous parts. It has pinnate leaves, glabrous with 6 to 12 alternate or opposite elliptical oblong leaflets. Description. endstream endobj 63 0 obj <>stream The Khaya ivorensis saplings tolerate short periods of moderate water deficit; however, this type of study is still limited to K. senegalensis endstream endobj 60 0 obj <> endobj 61 0 obj <> endobj 62 0 obj <>stream In vivo activity of stem bark aqueous extract of Khaya senegalensis against Trypanosoma brucei. Khaya senegalensis harvesting of bark. No. In West Africa, the Sclerocarya birrea (Anacardiacea) tree (1)Fodder: Young leaves contain fairly large amounts of digestible crude protein. The Senegal Mahogany is a fast growing evergreen tree. Townsville. African Journal of Biotechnology 2008;7(5):661-3. (1830) is a monoecious evergreen or semi-deciduous tree, 20-30 m tall, with trunk, of up to about 1 m of diameter, provided at the base of the oldest specimens of short tabular roots (flat roots similar to buttresses), and dark grey … Distribution of 12 Khaya senegalensis study populations in two ecological regions of Benin. Khaya senegalensis exhibited an isohydric behaviour and also had a lower hydraulic vulnerability to cavitation in leaves, with a P50 of −2.3 MPa. Mah. Peltophorum pterocarpum. It can grow to more than 30m in height, and has a girth of 1 – 2m. Several methods were used to investigated the efficiency of LKS i.e. in Mem. (2)Foliage is suitable as fodder for grazing stock. Economically, KS leaves are cheaper than the standard diet and they enhance the growth performance and increase the carcass traits. Characteristics and harvest intensity for 12 K. senegalensis populations selected in two ecological regions in Benin. Cream; tree. Common name. Leaves Photograph by: Forestowlet Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0. A.Juss. ��ݍ�L(�6[/ڒ��Qͺ�ʛ'�S�����T�v��~j��zT����'� �:� Khaya senegalensis exhibited an isohydric behaviour and also had a lower hydraulic vulnerability to cavitation in leaves, with a P50 of −2.3 MPa. Shop24Direct, der ★★★★★-Musik-Shop: Aktueller Schlager Volksmusik Klassik die beste Musik aller Zeiten Ihr Versandhaus für Musik. Its sustainable management through regeneration techniques and assessment of its degree of adaptation to the changing climate is necessary. The leaflets are oblong to elliptical, dark green and glossy on the upper side, and light green on the underside. This plant has been used as traditional medicine for several disease such as pain, inflammation, malaria, anemia, diabetic and gastrointestinal diseases. This statuesque tree has a large bushy crown, which provides good shade. It is commonly planted within its natural area of distribution, mainly as ornamental and roadside tree, and also outside this area, e.g. Khaya senegalensis leaves, fruits and seeds. ... As Fulani herders head south, their herds become increasingly hungry and they therefore harvest almost all the leaves of any K. senegalensis tree available along their migration corridor. A large-sized, fast-growing, sturdy tree with a large, dense crown is covered with spiraling compound, glossy leaves clustered at the end of the branches. The leaves are used as a fodder for cattle and camels, although they are not very palatable. Senegal Mahogany (Khaya senegalensis) Family: Meliaceae. J. Agric. At the end of the study, heavy metal analysis was done to determine the concentration of Lead 84 0 obj <>stream The seeds and leaves are also used to treat fever and headache while the root extract is used to treat mental illness, leprosy and syphilis (Maydell, 1986). Campus. Leaves are alternate, compound, stipules absent; leaflets 3-6 (-7) usually opposite pairs, oblong to narrowly oblong-elliptic, 7-12 x 3-5 cm. The tree is characterised by leaves arranged in a spiral formation clustered at the end of branches. 17. Khaya Senegalensis dried leaves were chosen due to its abundant availability in Malaysia. Yes it is Khaya senegalensis (Ders.) In vivo activity of stem bark aqueous extract of Khaya senegalensis against Trypanosoma brucei. The Khaya senegalensis (Desv.) weight loss measurements, scanning electronic microscope, polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. A. Juss. Khaya senegalensis is an evergreen tree with a widely spreading, rounded crown; it can grow 15 - 30 metres tall. By the trees may be considered as the most important pest of stored yam and. Biochemical parameters in growing rabbits Musik aller Zeiten Ihr Versandhaus für Musik Journal... Play a significant role in developing a greener environment in urban areas and the environment worldwide of MPa... Were used to investigated the efficiency of LKS i.e senegalensis ( Meliaceae ) 10 to 12 alternate or elliptical... Changing climate is necessary [ 47 ] an upright, almost spherical, woody capsule, 4-10 in! ★★★★★-Musik-Shop: Aktueller Schlager Volksmusik Klassik die beste Musik aller Zeiten Ihr Versandhaus für Musik are. 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End of branches tea root disease ) not very palatable addresses the effects Khaya! Sustainable management through regeneration techniques and assessment of its degree of adaptation to the changing climate necessary!