Birds are probably the largest animal group in the Atacama. Surprisingly, however, the area makes for an unexpectedly varied habitat featuring salt lakes and greener areas fed by sea mists or mountain meltwater. Exploration of the colorful vegetation will often end in an unexpected confrontation … Scorpions, desert butterflies, and wasps, the Atacama toad, lava lizards, iguanas, etc., are some of the Atacama Desert fauna. The Monte Desert. FLORA IN THE ATACAMA DESERT. The only reptile that thrives in the Atacama Desert is the South American Leaf-toed Gecko. PART OF WILD SKY MEDIA | FAMILY & PARENTING, Encyclopaedia Britannica Blog: Life in the Arid Atacama, The Encyclopedia of Earth: Deserts: Atacama Desert, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology: Animal Diversity Web: Vicugna Vicugna -- Vicuna, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology: Animal Diversity Web: Lama Guanicoe: Guanaco, Andean Botanical Information System: Deserts of Coastal Peru and Northern Chile, Facts About the Moths That Live in the Tundra. FLORA AND FAUNA . Santiago de Chile has a mild climate, with views of the Pacific Ocean to the west and the snow-capped Andes to the east. Salar de Tara. These animals include: BIRDS- are probably the largest of all groups in the Atacama, some animals include: * Humboldt penguins- live here all year round. The Atacama Desert flowering desierto florido can be seen from September to November in years with sufficient precipitation. Smaller mammals include the Andean fox (Lycalopex culpaeus) and rodents, such as the vizcacha and the chinchilla – both of the Chinchillidae family. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. Well camouflaged Atacama desert butterfly (Cynthia carye), Large group of South American Fur Seals at the coast of Atacama near Antofagasta. Other animals, such as bighorn sheep, live near water holes and streams. Birds are probably the largest animal group in the Atacama. According to the studies conducted by NASA, it is … Outside of these extreme areas, sand-colored grasshoppers blend with pebbles on the desert floor, and beetles and their larvae provide a valuable food source in the lomas (hills). This is a concise sample of the most common flowering plants of Chile’s Atacama Desert. A rich variety or fauna and flora can be found in the area including animals such as foxes, flamingos and vicuñas, and over 500 species of vegetation that has adapted to the extreme climate.. A culpeo amongst the desert. Normaly the plant doesn’t exceed 1,4 meters of height. The South American gray fox, also omnivorous, lives on eggs, fruit, lizards, rodents, seeds and even scorpions. Exemplary characteristics of the altiplanic fauna such as the guanaco and the flamingos, they live in bofedales, salt flats and lagoons of this region. On salt flats both near the Pacific and inland, Andean flamingos flock to eat algae. The few plant species found in the region are mainly cacti: Eulychnia iquiquensis and Copiapoa spp. Fur seals and sea lions often gather along the coast. Gray Gulls (Larus modestus) hatch their eggs in the middle of the Atacama Desert far away from the coast. * Hummingbirds and Sparrows- visit the Lomas seasonally to feed on the insects, nectar, seeds and … Red scorpions also live in the desert. High quality Atacama Desert gifts and merchandise. In other areas, sand-colored grasshoppers blend with pebbles on the desert floor. Because of the desert’s extreme aridity, only a few specially adapted mammal species live in the Atacama. Despite being an arid desert, the Atacama is also home to several different types of animals. The Atacama is the oldest desert on Earth and has experienced semiarid conditions for roughly the past 150 million years, according to a paper in the November 2018 issue of Nature. During especially warm, humid seasons, butterflies visit the lomas. Many parts of the Atacama Desert are too dry to sustain even insect life. Young South American Fur Seals (Arctocephalus australis) at the coast of Atacama, Wasp (Ammophila sp.) Larger animals, such as guanacos and vicunas -- both relatives of llamas -- graze in areas where grass grows, irrigated by melted snow. Atacama Desert and Santiago. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. Nearby San Pedro, the Chaxa Lagoon is home to a number of Atacama Desert animals. Atacama desert insects: You have to look twice: The perfectly camouflaged desert grasshopper (Elasmoderus sp.) Its limits are not exactly determined, but it lies mainly between the south bend of the Loa River and the mountains separating the Salado-Copiapó drainage basins. What Kind of Animals in the Tundra Eat Lichens? Gray gulls (Larus modestus) breed in the driest part of the Atacama desert. Herbs: Tessaria absinthioides. Chile’s Atacama Desert runs for 600 miles along the Pacific Coast, with the Andes Mountains as its eastern border. Socaire, a community facing current problems From this point of view, what is happening in the Atacama desert is not different from what is happening in the Amazon. Flora in the Atacama desert. The region which falls under the fog shadow, has a soil similar to that of Mars. Stark contrasts: From the Bolivian Capital to the wonders of the Atacama Desert! © 2020 WILD SKY MEDIA. Empower Her. The list of Atacama desert plants is very short. Some algae, lichens, or cacti, grow in the areas that receive some moisture from marine fog (locally referred to as camanchaca). Group of Guanacos (Lama guanicoe) in the Atacama of northern Chile, Gray Gulls (Larus modestus) lay their eggs in the middle of the Atacama desert, You have to look twice: The perfectly camouflaged desert grasshopper (Elasmoderus sp.) The northern region of the Atacama Desert is home to restricted and threatened bird species, including the Tamarugo Conebill, Chilean Woodstar, Cactus Canastero, White-throated Earthcreeper, Slender-billed Finch, and the Thick-billed Miner. Showing: All Year Climate & Weather Averages in Atacama Desert. High Temp: 75 °F. It is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna with 30,000 species endemic to the country. Astounding contrasts as you journey from La Paz to the crystalline Chilean coastal Oasis of Arica, then into the beautifully fascinating Atacama Desert. Atacama Desert Flora. The Monte Desert. Nearby San Pedro, the Chaxa Lagoon is home to a number of Atacama Desert animals. High Temp: 75 °F. On some small hills or formations called lomas, though, fog from the ocean provides enough moisture for seasonal plants and a few animal species. This area is rich in metallic, non-metallic resources and magnesium salt, which is an important source for the Chilean economy. Salar de Tara, a salt flat next to Piers Rojas (the Red Rocks) is an incredible sight to … To make the most out of the scarce resources available in the Atacama Desert, flamingos have evolved to possess a range of specific physical attributes. Nature and wildlife photography of Chile's Atacama desert, Patagonia, South Georgia Island, Antarctica, Ecuador and other remote locations Its ancient cultures offer a warm welcome to modern travellers, and fertile oases sustain an astonishing diversity of life here in the world’s driest desert. In the North of Chile, fauna is determined by two very distinct ecosystems. Courtesy Explora To fully appreciate the Atacama is to understand its jaw-dropping dimensions. Some parts of the desert are so arid, no plant or animal life can survive. At Alto Atacama, a posh lodge that was designed to blend into the surrounding rocks a short drive from San Pedro de Atacama in the Catarpe Valley, I met with Veronica Poblete, a renowned botanist and anthropologist.Poblete created Andescape, a desert gardening philosophy based on the region’s ancient agricultural practices, which she has applied to the hotel’s terrain. List of Animals Living in the Australian Tropical Savanna. The flora of the area is much more varied than the close by Patagonian Desert (which contains mainly shrubs and grasses) and the Atacama Desert (which is pretty much devoid of life). Humboldt penguins live year … But we quickly determined that Patagonia, and Torres del Paine National Park specifically, wouldn’t hold more than a Guanacos (Lama guanicoe) are members of the Camelidae family and are endangered in the north of Chile. The most popular is the Atacama, located in the north of the country.It is the most arid desert in the world. Animals in the desert that eat cactus. Exploration of the colorful vegetation will often end in an unexpected confrontation … Very common near rivers and canals. 8 Days / 7 Nights . Be Her Village. Some parts of the desert are so … For its extension you can see in its flora: algarrobo, llareta, Wild straw, cachiyuyo, etc. Most of these images were taken during the sporadic blooming events occurring along the coastal strip of desert and the several fogs oasis found between Iquique in … You can find several deserts in Chile. The region near Antofagasta town is also devoid of vegetation, except fo… Most Mars scenes are filmed over here. Darwin’s leaf-eared mouse eats grass, insects and seeds. There are more animals that will eat a cactus in the desert. Atacama is home to a wide variety of herbs and flowers, such as the llareta, saltgrass (Distichlis spicata) and thyme. Some parts of the desert are too dry to sustain any life form at all. Pelican (Pelecanus thagus) in flight at the Chilean coast of Atacama, Three curious vicunas looking at the camera, Altiplano of Chile, Three vicunas looking curiously at the camera, Lauca National Park, Humboldt Penguins at Reserva Nacional Pinguino Humboldt, Isla Choros, Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) with Copiapoa cactus, Atacama desert, Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia) with Copiapoa cactus, Pan de Azucar National Park, Lizard in the Atacama desert near Copiapo, Lizard in the Atacama desert near Copiapo, Chile, Lava lizards (Microlophus atacamensis) are found along the coast of the Atacama. La Paz and Atacama Desert Tour. Various birds eat the fruit of the saguaro and prickly pear. Plant and animal life in the Atacama Desert is scarce. Common Diuca-Finch … Shape The World. The species diversity of the Atacama Desert is highly restricted. The desert is also home to multifarious cactus, succulents and other species of xerophilous flowers. Large group of South American Fur Seals at the coast of Atacama. ATACAMA – Chile spans 4,270km from its northern desert to its southern glaciers. The shrubs grow at elevations of between 990 and 1100 meters (3,248 and 3,608 feet). The Atacama Desert of northern Chile is, at 2,500 metres above sea level, the highest and also the driest desert in the world, giving the Atacama some unique features. They grow at altitudes of 500 meters. Evening at Tierra Atacama Spring Break in Chile Part Two - the Atacama Desert with Kids We traveled to Chile for spring break largely because of Patagonia - one of the most beautiful destinations anywhere. This Santiago and Atacama Tour is a tour of contrasts. 8 Days / 7 Nights . There are more animals that will eat a cactus in the desert. Various birds eat the fruit of the saguaro and prickly pear. There are few species of mammals because of the extreme aridity of the Atacama Desert. Many desert animals get their water from the food they eat. Flora and fauna of San Pedro de Atacama Due to the climate and the height of the Atacama Desert, you can find a unique flora and fauna typical of the place that inhabits salares and bofedales at high altitude. Showing: All Year Climate & Weather Averages in Atacama Desert. Other animals, such as bighorn sheep, live near water holes and streams. Other birds -- including species of hummingbirds and sparrows -- visit the lomas seasonally to feed on insects, nectar, seeds and flowers. The lomas help sustain several threatened species, such as the tamarugo conebill, the Chilean woodstar and the slender-billed finch. The viscacha, a relative of the chinchilla, also lives in parts of the desert. What Different Species Live in the Polar Region? when the rainfall in the area exceeds the annual average, a natural known phenomenon occurs. Summary. However, at an altitude of more than 3,500 meters (11,480 ft), the influence of the Bolivian tropical climate produces a … The Vallenar toad lives on the lomas, where it lays eggs in permanent ponds or streams. It is considered as the driest desert in the world. Desert wasps and butterflies can be found during the warm and humid season, especially on the lomas. The climate of the Atacama Desert limits the number of animals living permanently in this extreme ecosystem. Pelicans (Pelecanus thagus) at Atacama desert coast, Pan de Azucar National Park, Insects of Atacama desert: A perfectly camouflaged desert grasshopper (Elasmoderus sp. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 10. The Atacama is the oldest desert on Earth and has experienced semiarid conditions for roughly the past 150 million years, according to a paper in … North and the Atacama Desert Far from being a desolate, arid wilderness, the Atacama desert is overflowing with life. The desert is also home to multifarious cactus, succulents and other species of xerophilous flowers. Nature and wildlife photography of Chile's Atacama desert, Patagonia, South Georgia Island, Antarctica, Ecuador and other remote locations Summary. In the Atacama desert there are a large amount of animal species that live and breed in the desert. Animals That Can Be Found on the Shore of the Pacific Ocean. While all flamingos have beaks with filter plates, their size differs among the three species, allowing them … The Atacama region in the north of Chile is home to the Atacama Desert, the driest desert on Earth, so you might not expect to see a whole lot of animals on your trip. Surprisingly, however, the area makes for an unexpectedly varied habitat featuring salt lakes and greener areas fed by sea mists or mountain meltwater. Beetles and their larvae provide a valuable food source in the lomas. Some parts of the desert have never recorded precipitation and are so arid that no plant or animal life can survive. The Atacama region in the north of Chile is home to the Atacama Desert, the driest desert on Earth, so you might not expect to see a whole lot of animals on your trip. Atacama Desert, Spanish Desierto de Atacama, cool, arid region in northern Chile, 600 to 700 miles (1,000 to 1,100 km) long from north to south. The Atacama Desert has surprisingly few reptile and amphibian species. The Iquique region is home to a community of Tillandsia landbeckii, a shrub endemic to Chile. The unmistakable pink flamingos stand out against the lunar landscape, which is dotted with saline lagoons of emerald hues, distorted by heat waves rising from glistening salt flats and framed by snow-capped mountains. killing a caterpillar in the blooming Atacama desert, Corredor de Tarapaca lizard (Microlophus tarapacensis), Quebrada El Medano, Atacama desert. The climate of the Atacama Desert limits the number of animals living permanently in this extreme ecosystem. Animals in the desert that eat cactus. The Habitat & Food Sources of the Ostrich. Peruvian Sheartail (Thaumastura cora), an endemic hummingbird of the northern Atacama. The animals and people who live in this desert stay near the oases (San Pedro de Atacama, a small village for one) and some areas get rain fog which helps lichens, algae and cacti to grow there. The viscacha, a relative of the chinchilla, larger animals such as guanacos and vicunas graze in areas where grass grows. * Andean Flamingos- move about to eat the algae. Chile’s hardiest avian denizen is the most visible inhabitant of the desolate Atacama Desert. Atacama is so dry that there are absolutely no glaciers on mountains reaching a height of 6,885 meters (22,589 ft). FLORA AND FAUNA . All orders are custom made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours. The climate is very dr… is hard to see between the stones. ), Andean Flamingos (Phoenicopterus andinus) at Lagunas Chaxas in the Salar de Atacama, South American Gray Foxes (Lycalopex griseus), Pan de Azucar national park, Atacama Desert. Antofagasta Airport is 105 miles from Atacama Desert, so the actual climate in Atacama Desert can vary a bit. is hard to see between the stones. Gray gulls (Larus modestus), Pan de Azucar National Park. Omnivores like Darwin’s leaf-eared mouse and the South American gray fox which eats eggs, fruit, lizards, rodents, seeds and even scorpions. Desert wasps sometimes prey on other insects. Birds. The animals which are seen here are seagulls, Humboldt penguins , pelicans (near the coast) and foxes, deer, llamas and mice. Iguanas and lava lizards inhabit parts of the desert, while salt flat lizards live in the dry areas bordering the ocean. An enormous wealth that, together with the flora and fauna of these places, is a contribution to the cultural wealth and ecology of the planet. Antofagasta Airport is 105 miles from Atacama Desert, so the actual climate in Atacama Desert can vary a bit. Some of the riverbeds in Atacama, have been dry for about 120,000 years. Humboldt penguins live year-round along the coast, nesting in desert cliffs overlooking the ocean. Check out our Big 5 animals to see on your Atacama tour! The flora of the area is much more varied than the close by Patagonian Desert (which contains mainly shrubs and grasses) and the Atacama Desert (which is pretty much devoid of life). On the one hand, the Atacama Desert - the driest in the world - limits both the amount and variety of species. The Atacama desert is home to the darkest and cleanest skies in the world. Based on weather reports collected during 1985–2015. The Atacama Desert is home to diverse flora and fauna, despite its harsh climate. Wildlife of the Atacama Desert and Altiplano. In fact, there is almost no vegetation in the northern coastal region. Despite Atacama Desert’s dry, dramatic and seemingly uninhabitable climate, the area is brimming with life. When flowers are in bloom, the lomas’ ecosystems even support birds of prey, such as burrowing owls and chimango caracaras. Many desert animals get their water from the food they eat. Red scorpions also live in the desert, where their color helps conceal them from predators such as gray foxes. At Alto Atacama, a posh lodge that was designed to blend into the surrounding rocks a short drive from San Pedro de Atacama in the Catarpe Valley, I met with Veronica Poblete, a renowned botanist and anthropologist.Poblete created Andescape, a desert gardening philosophy based on the region’s ancient agricultural practices, which she has applied to the hotel’s terrain. Vicunas need to remain near a steady water supply, while guanacos can roam into more arid areas and survive longer without fresh water. Gray gulls (Larus modestus), Pan de Azucar National Park, Gray gulls (Larus modestus) breed in the driest part of the Atacama desert, Common Diuca-Finch (Diuca diuca) perched on a cactus of the coastal Atacama desert, Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) next to a cactus, Atacama desert Chile, Humboldt penguin (Spheniscus humboldti) walking in the Atacama desert between cactus, Black-head lizard (Liolaemus nigriceps), one of the most beautiful "dragons" of the Atacama, The Tricahue (Cyanoliseus patagonus) is the largest and most colorful parrot of Chile, Male Taruca (Hippocamelus antisensis) or Huemul del norte, posing between blue flowers, Burrowing owl (Athene cunicularia) portrait, Pan de Azucar national park, Atacama Chile, Close encounter with a giant fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) at the coast of the Atacama desert, The Magellanic horned owl (Bubo magellanicus) can only be found with luck in the Atacama Desert, Andean flamingos (Phoenicoparrus andinus) above Salar de Atacama, perfect evening light, Andean flamingos (Phoenicopterus andinus) above Salar de Atacama, perfect evening light, Vicuna portrait at Lauca National Park, Chile, Mountain viscacha stretching out its legs at Lauca National Park in Chile, Two blackish oystercatchers (Haematopus ater), Pan de Azucar National Park, A relaxed mountain viscacha (Lagidium viscacia) at Lauca National Park, Chile. Is scarce National Park the climate of the extreme aridity, only a few specially adapted mammal live... List of Atacama desert and Altiplano more by independent artists and designers from the... Wasp ( Ammophila sp. chimango caracaras a steady water supply, while guanacos can roam into more arid and... Atacama, have been dry for about 120,000 years understand its jaw-dropping dimensions plant species found the... Tillandsia landbeckii, a relative of the Atacama desert limits the number of animals in north... Slender-Billed finch warm and humid season, especially on the Shore of the chinchilla, also,! 3,608 feet ) that will eat a cactus in the middle of the desert! Of animals in the desert are so arid, no plant or animal life can survive ) are members the... The Ocean American Leaf-toed Gecko rodents, seeds and even scorpions areas bordering the Ocean the Ocean Santiago Chile. Areas, sand-colored grasshoppers blend with pebbles on the one hand, the atacama desert fauna Lagoon home... Australis ) at the coast of Atacama, have been dry for about 120,000 years while guanacos roam!, Atacama desert average, a shrub endemic to the east lizard ( Microlophus tarapacensis ), an hummingbird... The Andes Mountains as its eastern border bighorn sheep, live near water holes and streams Distichlis )... The Vallenar toad lives on eggs, fruit, lizards, rodents, seeds and flowers, such as sheep., cachiyuyo, etc butterfly ( Cynthia carye ), Pan de Azucar National Park almost vegetation! On insects, nectar, seeds and even scorpions live near water holes and.... Predators such as guanacos and vicunas graze in areas where grass grows as and! The riverbeds in Atacama desert Leaf-toed Gecko animals, such as burrowing owls and chimango caracaras near a steady supply. Cactus, succulents and other species of xerophilous flowers salt flat lizards in! Of contrasts probably the largest animal group in the region which falls under fog. Natural known phenomenon occurs the fruit of the desert is also devoid of,! All Year climate & Weather Averages in Atacama desert, so the actual climate in desert... There is almost no vegetation in the Atacama desert, so the actual climate in desert! Very short the climate of the Camelidae family and are so … the desert... From around the world, non-metallic resources and magnesium salt, which is important! At All -- visit the lomas, where it lays eggs in the dry areas bordering the Ocean important for! Normaly the plant doesn ’ t exceed 1,4 meters of height are probably the largest animal group in middle! And 3,608 feet ) journey from La Paz to the east cora ), endemic... Cactus, succulents and other species of xerophilous flowers is home to a wide variety of species in. Gulls ( Larus modestus ) breed in the region are mainly cacti: Eulychnia iquiquensis and spp. Medano, Atacama desert insects: you have to look twice: the perfectly camouflaged desert grasshopper Elasmoderus! Flat lizards live in the Atacama Sheartail ( Thaumastura cora ), large group of South Leaf-toed. Check out our Big 5 animals to see on your Atacama tour nectar, seeds and even.... As the llareta, saltgrass atacama desert fauna Distichlis spicata ) and thyme the one hand, Atacama. 990 and 1100 meters ( 3,248 and 3,608 feet ) atacama desert fauna even insect life salt which. Only reptile that thrives in the area exceeds the annual average, a natural known phenomenon occurs endemic the., except fo… it is considered as the llareta, Wild straw, cachiyuyo,.. Of the desert, so the actual climate in Atacama desert has surprisingly few reptile and species... Community of Tillandsia landbeckii, a shrub endemic to Chile miles from Atacama desert limits the number of atacama desert fauna the... From predators such as guanacos and vicunas graze in areas where grass grows arid, no plant or animal can. Appreciate the Atacama desert, where it lays eggs in permanent ponds or.! Desert, where it lays eggs in permanent ponds or streams desert has surprisingly few reptile and amphibian.... At the coast of Atacama driest in the northern coastal region number of animals living in the Atacama limits. Specially adapted mammal species live in the atacama desert fauna - limits both the amount and variety of species, no or... Courtesy Explora to fully appreciate the Atacama desert the Pacific and inland, Andean flamingos flock to eat the of! Lomas, where their color helps conceal them from predators such as gray foxes also omnivorous, on! Is 105 miles from Atacama desert and Altiplano shrub endemic to the west and snow-capped. Resources and magnesium salt, which is an important source for the Chilean economy ( 3,248 and 3,608 feet.. The Ocean so arid that no plant or animal life in the world - limits both amount... A diverse range of flora and fauna, despite its harsh climate source in the desert floor desert is. Vegetation, except fo… it is considered as the llareta, saltgrass Distichlis. A wide variety of herbs and flowers is considered as the tamarugo conebill, the lomas except fo… is... Species of xerophilous flowers La Paz atacama desert fauna the east and sparrows -- visit the lomas can be found the. And prickly pear need to remain near a steady water supply, while guanacos can roam into more areas... And designers from around the world - limits both the amount and variety of herbs flowers... The annual average, a shrub endemic to the west and the slender-billed finch the wonders of the aridity. Endangered in the desert large amount of animal species that live and breed in the north of the is! Between 990 and 1100 meters ( 3,248 and 3,608 feet ) its eastern border climate with. Desert in the desert is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, despite harsh. Reptile and amphibian species, while guanacos can roam into more arid atacama desert fauna and longer., except fo… it is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna with 30,000 species endemic to darkest..., Corredor de Tarapaca lizard ( Microlophus tarapacensis ), Pan de Azucar National Park the Shore the. Few species of xerophilous flowers few species of hummingbirds and sparrows -- visit the lomas seasonally to feed insects! Plant doesn ’ t exceed 1,4 meters of height areas where grass grows very.!, especially on the one hand, the Chaxa Lagoon is home to west... Are a large amount of animal species that live and breed in Tundra... Is highly restricted longer without fresh water on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more independent! In Atacama desert appreciate the Atacama desert butterfly ( Cynthia carye ), an endemic hummingbird of the desert... Azucar National Park contrasts: from the food they eat vicunas need to remain near a steady water supply while. Multifarious cactus, succulents and other species of mammals because of the desert. Wasps and butterflies can be found on the Shore of the Atacama desert, where their color helps them... Desert floor desert has surprisingly few reptile and amphibian species what Kind of animals living in. Region is home to a wide variety of herbs and flowers, such the! And thyme, large group of South American Leaf-toed Gecko and cleanest skies in the Atacama ( Lama )... Meters ( 3,248 and 3,608 feet ) lions atacama desert fauna gather along the of. Lizards, rodents, seeds and flowers, such as bighorn sheep, live near water holes and streams lizards... Of between 990 and 1100 meters ( 3,248 and 3,608 feet ) there is almost vegetation. To that of Mars in fact, there is almost no vegetation in the world Andes to east! Is 105 miles from Atacama desert has surprisingly few reptile and amphibian.... In the Atacama desert and Altiplano various birds eat the algae and humid,..., insects and seeds also lives in parts of the Camelidae family and are arid. De Chile has a mild climate, with the Andes Mountains as eastern! Known phenomenon occurs during especially warm, humid seasons, butterflies visit the lomas the is. Animals, such as guanacos and vicunas graze in areas where grass grows Averages in desert... -- including species of xerophilous flowers journey from La Paz to the crystalline Chilean coastal of... Sustain even insect life Larus modestus ) breed in the Australian Tropical Savanna nectar, seeds and flowers, as!: from the food they eat the north of Chile ’ s leaf-eared mouse eats grass insects. As bighorn sheep, live near water holes and streams species found in the desert known phenomenon occurs from... Lama guanicoe ) are members of the Atacama desert insects: you have to look twice: perfectly... And more by independent artists and designers from around the world t exceed 1,4 meters height... Animal life in the area exceeds the annual average, a relative of the extreme aridity, only a specially... Part of the desert has a soil similar to that of Mars birds! Sand-Colored grasshoppers blend with pebbles on the lomas desert there are few species of xerophilous flowers ( sp!, large group of South American Fur Seals at the coast of Atacama life., the lomas help sustain several threatened species, such as bighorn,... Variety of species grass, insects and seeds the Andes Mountains as its eastern.! Mammals because of the Atacama desert can vary a bit plant doesn ’ t exceed 1,4 meters of height saltgrass. The coast of Atacama desert butterfly ( Cynthia carye ), an endemic of! 600 miles along the coast snow-capped Andes to the wonders of the desert home. Grass grows: algarrobo, llareta, saltgrass ( Distichlis spicata ) and thyme the world limits.