The major difference between Old and New world species is that the Old World porcupines live on the ground and often in small groups, while the New World porcupines are mostly solitary and live in trees. They include the largest porcupine species, the African Cape porcupine, whose extremely long spines (up to 20 inches), can be raised like a crest to make them appear twice as large. They weigh 9 to 15 pounds, with bigger, older adults weighing up to 20 pounds. They are relatively fearless, but if danger approaches the porcupine gives lots of warning of the pain it can unleash. (4 minutes) African Animals - Animal Facts Encyclopedia, Great Apes Facts - Animal Facts Encyclopedia, Porcupines have a strong, musky "wet dog" smell, Though they are a little clumsy, porcupines are built for climbing, African cape porcupines have 20 inch quills, Porcupine guard hairs are used to make a Native American headress called a "roach", The quills have barbs on the tips that cause them to burrow deeper into the skin and make them hard to remove, The fisher, a very tough weasel species, regularly eats porcupines, Some porcupines have prehensile tails like New World monkeys. prehensile tails, bulbous noses and a prehistoric or even alien appearance. These animals occasionally come down from the trees to eat crops or flowers. It would seem that the male Porcupine’s urine contains hormones that incite the female to be more receptive. - Amazing! These spiky animals have small heads with small eyes, ears, strong bright orange teeth and almost no neck. Attention gentlemen, this technique only applies to the animal kingdom! This is a long pregnancy for a rodent - consider that the larger beaver has a gestation period of 124 days - and it is reflected in how developmentally advanced the newborn is. very long guard hairs that give them a "fluffy" appearance, with tens of thousands of quills hiding below. Is there a reason for coat color patterns in porcupines? These animals are monogamous, and may actually mate for life. Porcupines have large orange teeth and strong jaws, just right for their rough, fibrous diet. Do porcupine … On the ground, these specialized feet don't conform well to walking. These barbs are flexible and allow the tip of the quill to penetrate deep into the skin, then splay out and bend against the skin when pulled out, anchoring the barb and requiring more force to remove, causing additional tearing as a result. That keeps their teeth worn down. Although unpleasant to humans, the sent is quite useful: it warns intruders that they are entering a Porcupine’s territory. It's muscular body is covered with up to 30,000 long, hollow and pointed quills. the Old World porcupines live on the ground and often in small groups, while the New World porcupines are mostly solitary and live in trees. This makes them good climbers. The male must manage the copulation situation very carefully, and mating can only be accomplished with the females complete cooperation. Where do porcupines live? One of the distinctive yet lesser known traits of the Porcupine is its … body odor! Before you begin here is a quick video to explain what the K-W-L Chart is and how to use one. Only the cougar and the rugged little fisher, which is a type of weasel, regularly kill and eat North American porcupines, and only during lean times. Their teeth are bright orange and full of iron to help them gnaw on trees and branches. Males are larger than females. During the winter, there’s less to eat, so porcupines live mostly on bark and evergreen needles then. Breeding occurs in the fall or early winter and is followed by a 210 day gestation period (the longest rodent gestation period). 46. Please check your emails to complete your subscription. They will also munch on foliage, twigs, harder bark buds, fruits, nuts, berries, flowers, and even deer and elk antlers to get calcium. So why would an animal that defends itself with such a merciless weapon, provide it's victim with protection from infection? Great apes facts, photos and videos..Human beings did not evolve from chimpanzees, modern chimps and gorillas do not appear in the fossil records until much more recently than homo sapiens.. e-mail us at info@animalfactsencyclopedia.com, Copyright 2011 - 2019 by Jenise Alongi   Animal Facts Encyclopedia.com. And yard s urine contains hormones that incite the female comes into the predator itself, or common porcupine have... 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