Hook and loop fasteners are commonly known as Velcro®. Find hook & loop fasteners at Lowe's today. Some products have been tested according to the Oeko-tex certification standard, which imposes limits on the chemical content of textiles to address the issue of human ecological safety.[relevant? Touch fasteners are used in adaptive clothing, which is designed for people with physical disabilities, the elderly, and the infirm, who may experience difficulty dressing themselves due to an inability to manipulate closures such as buttons and zippers. It is used in the home when pleating draperies, holding carpets in place and attaching upholstery. The hooks often become attached to articles of clothing, especially loosely woven items like sweaters. Standard Woven Hook and Loop Fasteners The family of VELCRO® Brand woven hook and loop products includes the popular Hook 88 and Loop 1000 combination that is used around the world. There is only a minimal decline in effectiveness even after many fastenings and unfastenings. There's a problem loading this menu right now. Top subscription boxes – right to your door, © 1996-2021, Amazon.com, Inc. or its affiliates. He bought a pair of shears and trimmed the tops off the loops, thus creating hooks that would match up perfectly with the loops in the pile. Now Stay There", List of sewing machine brands and companies, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hook-and-loop_fastener&oldid=1005439536, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2015, Articles needing more detailed references, All articles that may have off-topic sections, Wikipedia articles that may have off-topic sections from April 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. A number of Velcro Corporation products were displayed at a fashion show at the Waldorf-Astoria hotel in New York in 1959,[11] and the fabric got its first break when it was used in the aerospace industry to help astronauts maneuver in and out of bulky space suits. "[8], A Montreal firm, Velek, Ltd., acquired the exclusive right to market the product in North and South America, as well as in Japan, with American Velcro, Inc. of New Hampshire, and Velcro Sales of New York, marketing the "zipperless zipper" in the United States. Heavy-duty variants (such as "Dual Lock" or "Duotec") feature mushroom-shaped stems on each face of the fastener, providing an audible snap when the two faces mate. He examined them under a microscope, and noted their hundreds of "hooks" that caught on anything with a loop, such as clothing, animal fur, or hair. The tearing noise it makes can also be useful against pickpockets. Hook and loop fasteners can create strong, temporary bonds in applications such as construction, manufacturing, and medical devices. Scuba and marine gear followed soon after. Firstly, instead of a single-file line of hooks, touch fasteners have a two-dimensional surface. Loop fasteners can be adhesive coated or adhesive free for attachment by sewing of mechanical means. [20], The game moved to the U.S. after Sports Illustrated published a story on it in 1991. By 1992, wall-jumping was practiced in dozens of New Zealand bars and was said to be one of the favorite bar activities there at the time. [7], In 1978 de Mestral's patent expired, prompting a flood of low-cost imitations from Taiwan, China and South Korea onto the market. The roll measures 3/4" wide and 15 feet long with hook material on one side and loop … [16] A patch is used inside astronauts' helmets where it serves as a nose scratcher. With larger hook-and-eye fasteners, each hook has its own eye. It provides the industry overview with growth analysis and historical & futuristic cost, … : US8,469,996 B2) is used in humans as a temporary fascia expander prostheses to treat the abdominal compartment syndrome and when multiple abdominal entries are necessary to control and eliminate intra-abdominal pathology. For example, This page was last edited on 7 February 2021, at 17:43. It is especially popular in clothing where it replaces buttons or zippers, and as a shoe fastener for children who have not yet learned to tie shoelaces. De Mestral's proposal was initially panned by industry leaders when he took his idea to Lyon, which was then a center of weaving. As a result, De Mestral began to explore the use of synthetic fibers, believing that they would provide a more resilient product. If hook-and-loop is used to bond two rigid surfaces, such as auto body panels and frame, the bond is particularly strong because any force pulling the pieces apart is spread evenly across all hooks. [4] De Mestral eventually selected nylon, on the reasoning that it does not easily fray or attract mold, is non-biodegradable, and could be produced in threads of varying thickness. [10] It was also viewed as impractical.[10]. Exceeds minimum performance requirements for Class 1, Type … The strength of the bond depends on how well the hooks are embedded in the loops, how much surface area is in contact with the hooks, and the nature of the force pulling it apart. We can cut your rolls of hook and loop to length FOR FREE. This loud noise can also prove to be a liability, in particular on military attire such as the United States Army's Army Combat Uniform, where it can attract unwanted attention in a battlefield environment. The first component features tiny hooks, the second features smaller loops. We can also cut and mate your hook to your loop, die cut your hook and loop, … [1] However, he had yet to figure out a way to mechanize the process and to make the looped side. In addition to our traditional nylon hook and loop, we offer polyester, polypropylene, aramid, and stainless steel fasteners… Increase the number of hooks and loops per area unit. Hook and loop fasteners are made from a variety of materials, including polyester, nylon, and high heat and fire resistant materials. 1997 - The fastener has become part of a recurring joke in various media in which it is claimed that modern humans would be unable to invent it, and that it is in fact a form of advanced technology. Full-body hook-and-loop suits have been made that can hold a person to a suitably covered wall. Next he found that nylon thread, when woven in loops and heat-treated, retains its shape and is resilient; however, the loops had to be cut in just the right spot so that they could be fastened and unfastened many times. The new fastening device is in many ways potentially more revolutionary than was the zipper a quarter-century ago. Reusable Ties (50-Pack) with 189 reviews and the VELCRO Brand 4 ft. x 2 in. Introductions: Everyone need a high quality memory foam travel neck pillow. Textiles can contain chemicals or compounds, such as dyes,[15] that may be allergenic to sensitive people. The Engineering360 database … Touch fasteners held together a human heart during the first artificial heart surgery, and it is used in nuclear power plants and army tanks to hold flashlights to walls. x 1/2 in. A combination of moisture and chemical resistance makes this hook and loop a good choice for most applications. [20], Nachtigall, W. 1974. Having seen astronauts storing food pouches on walls,[12] children's clothing makers came on board. This is because the strap is wrapped through a slot, halving the force on the bond by acting as a pulley system (thus gaining a mechanical advantage), and further absorbing some of the force in friction around the tight bend. [1] Within a few years he obtained patents and began to open shops in Germany, Switzerland, Great Britain, Sweden, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium, and Canada. When the two are pressed together the hooks catch in the loops and the two pieces fasten or bind temporarily. This clothing may be damaged when one attempts to remove the hook-and-loop, even if the sides are separated slowly. Shop hook & loop fasteners and a variety of hardware products online at Lowes.com. Hook and Loop. Back-to-back hook and loop for keeping components together, either in-process or within finished goods – great as a replacement for string, rubber bands or straps when wrapping … The loops can become elongated or broken after extended use. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge … 4 Inch Sticky Back Hook and Loop Fasteners with Sticky Glue Nylon Fabric, Self-Adhesive Strips Set B… They created their own equipment for the "human fly" contests, and sold it to several others in New Zealand. Selecting the right hook and loop fastener is essential to ensure the quality and reliability of the final product and we offer a wide variety of hook and loop options to provide maximum performance. This layout also ensures that the force is parallel to the strips. The Slidingly Engaging Fastener was developed to address several problems with common hook-and-loop fasteners. Columnist Sylvia Porter made the first mention of the product in her column Your Money's Worth of August 25, 1958, writing, "It is with understandable enthusiasm that I give you today an exclusive report on this news: A 'zipperless zipper' has been invented – finally. In the near weightless conditions in orbit, hook-and-loop fasteners are used to temporarily hold objects and keep them from floating away. Sometimes, instead of a running jump, people use a small trampoline. However, the cotton frayed and wore out in a relatively short period of time. The next major use hook-and-loop saw was with skiers, who saw the similarities between their outerwear and that of the astronauts, and thus saw the advantages of a suit that was easier to don and remove. 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When separated, by pulling or peeling the two surfaces apart, the strips make a distinctive "ripping" sound. Hook-and-eye fasteners have been common for centuries, but what was new about hook-and-loop fasteners was the miniaturisation of the hooks and eyes. Letterman proved that with enough of the material a man could be hurled against a wall and stick, by performing this feat during the television broadcast. De Mestral submitted his idea for a patent in Switzerland in 1951, which was granted in 1955. However, this reinforced the view among the populace that hook-and-loop was something with very limited utilitarian uses. Also, any force pushing the pieces together is disproportionately applied to engaging more hooks and loops. [10] As touch fasteners only became widely used after NASA's adoption of it, NASA is popularly – and incorrectly – credited with its invention. 15' Feet Black Self Attaching Hook and Loop Fastening Tape Self-attaching hook and loop material, popularized by the NASA space program. 1941 was the year George de Mestral invented the famous Hook and Loop fastener. NASA makes significant use of touch fasteners. on space shuttles. The original hook-and-loop fastener was conceived in 1941 by Swiss engineer George de Mestral. Find affordable hook & loop fasteners for home improvement projects at Kmart. A strong pressure sensitive adhesive bonds each component to its substrate. A close look at the burs of burdock that kept sticking to his clothes and his 's! Inflatable structures is not necessarily completely covered in the futuristic creations of fashion designers such as bending around a or. 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