I do not know if it is a male or female. Ilex opaca: American Holly 4 Pests Holly leaf miner larvae mines out the leaf middle leaving yellow or brown trails. American holly should tolerate winter temperatures as low as 20 to 25 degrees F below zero if protected from drying winds and winter sun. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Person Co., NC 4/1/06. Holly species (genus Ilex) vary dramatically. June 13, 2002. Ilex opaca, commonly called American holly, is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30' in cultivation, but may reach 50' tall in the wild.It is native to the eastern and central U.S., most frequently found in moist woods, forest bottomlands and swamp peripheries plus some coastal dunes (e.g., Cape Cod down the … Twigs are gray or brown. American Holly is an evergreen tree that may grow 40 to 60 feet tall. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Some are evergreen, some deciduous; some are 12-inch bushes, some 50-foot giants. are a diverse lot, American holly being just one of many types.Ilex is among the few plants that can grow in all USDA plant hardiness zones (or in all 50 U.S. states).Holly trees and shrubs are sometimes deciduous, but more often evergreen. American Holly foliage thins during drought but insect and disease infestations are usually minimal. These include bud moth, beetles, berry midge, Leaf miner and scale are the worst problems for American holly, but the tree has a long list of potential problems. Habitat: Outdoors. Size/Form: American holly is a medium-sized tree that reaches heights of 30 to 50 feet. American Holly is a fairly common understory tree, American Holly is easy to identify, with prickly evergreen leaves, smooth bark, and red fruits (on female trees) that last through the winter. Noteworthy Characteristics. Leaves: The leaves are simple, alternately arranged, persistent, and 2 to 4 inches long by 1 to 2 inches wide. Species ID Suggestions Sign in to suggest organism ID. Protect from cold winter winds. Studying leaf shape and the arrangement of leaves on a stem is the most common way of identifying a tree in the field during the growing season. Other environmental conditions that seldom affect Holly trees are atmospheric pollution, maritime exposure and drought. The American holly grows well in acidic, loamy, moist, rich, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. Scales of various types may infest holly. Three female plants require one male plant--the bees will do the rest. Different Varieties of Holly Bushes and Trees. General Description: American holly is a well known, dioecious shrub or tree that measures 90-300 cm. Common throughout NC. Scientific Name: Ilex … How to Distinguish Between a Burford Holly & a Dwarf Burford Holly. The plants come in many shapes and sizes, ranging from spreading dwarf shrubs 6 inches in height to … Habitat: Anywhere where there is water. ©J.S. Location Rosebud, AR . Individual male flowers are about ¼" across, consisting of a short green calyx with 4 lobes, 4 greenish white or yellowish white petals, and 4 stamens. Description: Evergreen tree with smooth, leathery leaves. Holly prefers soil that is well-drained, medium moist and slightly acidic, planted in a sunny or partial shade location. American holly Aquifoliaceae Ilex opaca Aiton symbol: ILOP Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical, 2 to 4 inches long, spiny toothed margin, thickened and leathery, shiny dark green above, much paler below. Habitat Description: In a wide variety of forests, ranging from xeric to wetland (Weakley 2015). Ilex opaca, commonly called American holly, is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30' in cultivation, but may reach 50' tall in the wild.It is native to the eastern and central U.S., most frequently found in moist woods, forest bottomlands and swamp peripheries plus some coastal dunes (e.g., Cape Cod down the … Holly plants (Ilex spp.) It is hardy in Zones 5 to 9. English holly is an ornamental tree or tall hedge in the Aquifoliaceae family. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. No Comments The tree has alternate leaves with spiny toothed and sometimes smooth margins. in height. Description American holly normally grows to heights of 15 to 30 feet tall, but records indicate mature heights of up to 100 feet. Join our online community of plant enthusiasts. The tree is not at its fullest green color. Find friends, share your plant sightings, get help with plant identification, collaborate on field surveys, and develop checklists of plants for particular sites you are exploring. It is a little faded. There are quite a few different holly varieties that you will find in most households, especially during the colorful Christmas season. Holly – more specifically the European holly, Ilex aquifolium – is commonly referenced at Christmas time, and is often referred to by the name Christ's thorn. Eventually the spots turn reddish Description: A pointy leaf that is very prickly. Description . It is effective as a specimen plant, grouped as a tall hedge or foundation planting. Berry production is highest in full sun on female trees. American Holly Trees can be trimmed as a foundation hedge or as a secure, tall privacy … Leaf Arrangement: Alternate. The most important aspect of American Holly in gardening is that both male and female genders are needed to produce fruit in the female plants. Attributes This tree: Features leathery leaves that are 2–4" long, maintain their green color year-round, and are sharply tipped on the margins. Each leaf is equipped with pricks making it hard to pick them up. American Holly (Ilex opaca) American Forests National Tree Register, Species: American Holly (Ilex opaca), State: AR. It has glossy green leaves and thorns. If planted in the right conditions and decently cared for some hollies can live up to 100 years or longer. Small, dull green-white, solitary flowers mature in … No Comments Sign in to comment. American Holly Ilex opaca. Usage Requirements. In many Western Christian cultures, holly is a traditional Christmas decoration, used especially in wreaths and illustrations, for instance on Christmas cards.Since medieval times the plant has carried a Christian … Our other hollies lack spines on the leaves. A number of members of the genus Ilex are referred to as "holly. I scoured the internet for holly leaves (in March) and was very happy to finally find them and they were double leaves which made for a little less stitching. 21gschwartz a year ago. Leaves (5-10 cm or 2-4 in) have many spine-tipped teeth, dull green above and yellow-green beneath. Often I can tell the sex of the American Holly by examining its leaves. United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. I had extra "berries" in my supply and put two on each leaf set. The bark is gray-white in color and may be splotched or warty. Having the ruler showing and measuring each set of leaves made it easy to know these leaves were the perfect size. Leaf, in botany, any usually flattened green outgrowth from the stem of a vascular plant.As the primary sites of photosynthesis, leaves manufacture food for plants, which in turn ultimately nourish and sustain all land animals. American Holly While it prefers normal moisture, the tree has some flood tolerance and drought resistance. These are some of the most common and popular varieties of the holly tree, each with their unique characteristics, features and uses. If you only have room for one American holly tree, look for the 'Croonenburg' variety. Yaupon, Appalachian tea, cassena, deer berry, Indian holly, and Indian black drink also are commonly discussed with the hollies. While every effort has been made to provide the most reliable and up-to-date information available, ultimate legal requirements with respect to species are … McSush/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0. American Holly should be located on fertile, well-drained but moist, slightly acid soils below 6.5 pH. True to its name, the American Holly is the most popular Holly cultivar in the country. ... Browse stories on our blog, Loose Leaf, and get to know the people and champions that … The bark of it is smooth, and grayish to grayish-brown. Description. They are similar in appearance with spiny-toothed leaves and an abundance of red berries. Male trees produce axillary clusters of 3-12 male flowers on peduncles about 1" long. Well, for starters, it's disease and pest resistant, making it ideal for creating an effortless hedge or privacy screen. 1 Species ID Suggestions +1. Diseases Tar spot may occasionally cause small yellow spots on the leaves in early summer. America's Most Popular Holly Why American Holly Trees? American Holly is dioecious, forming male (staminate) and female (pistillate) flowers on separate trees. Christmas Holly. sites. PlantShare Connect with other plant fans. It dislikes high temperatures and high humidity so use only in protected locations. The Holly plant does grow pretty slow, but can eventually attain a height of around 30-50 feet in a compact pyramid shape. Our only similar species is Chinese Holly (Ilex cornuta), which has distinctively shaped leaves and is smaller in stature. Description: pretty tall American Holly tree. Flowers are small and white with four rounded petals, present April-June. Flower: Species is dioecious; dull green-white, male flowers on 3 to 7 flowered cymes, female flowers are solitary with a pleasant odor, appearing in late spring. They are attached by a continuous vascular system to the rest of the plant so that free … American holly is the only one with the leaf blades tipped with a spine and the margins of the leaf blades usually also with spine-tipped teeth. Why? Noteworthy Characteristics. "Holly, English holly, Oregon holly, and American holly are the species most often associated with the ornamental Christmas holly. It is most easily identified by its bright red berries, arranged in clusters along the length of the smooth, robust stems. Bark is smooth and light-gray. known as “the whitest ” of all woods , it pretty much holds true to that title , holly comes in several variations …., youpon , big leaf ect.. , I have used both big leaf and youpon holly with great results , although youpon holly rarely exceeds 12″ in diameter at the base , mostly a shrub , but for inlays and small projects it works great. On the poor soils of coastal beaches, this holly may never exceed shrub size. Spider mites cause discoloration and speckling of holly foliage. The dense branches of this holly grow nearly horizontal in a Maryland, USA. Some Holly plants have been found to withstand complete shade, but these plants often develop leaf spot diseases and have decreased berry production. Peterson. It has a pyramidal crown. Sign in to suggest organism ID. Spotted by 21gschwartz. Common Name(s): American Holly Tree. Description. 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