The crop responsible for the largest usage of benfluralin is lettuce, followed by alfalfa. Crabgrass germination occurs when the soil temperature is maintained at least at 65°F (18°C) for at least 1 week, and the monitoring of soil temperature is an efficient way to time the application. Inhalation, ingestion, dermal and/or eye contact. However, this depth must not exceed 5 cm during tillering; otherwise, plant development will be adversely affected. The heavily used Ortho Weed B Gon contains triethylamine salt, which is a form of triclopyr that uses 8 percent of the ingredient. May react with strong oxidizers such as chlorates, peroxides, nitrates, etc. The primary usage of benfluralin is on commercial and residential turf. Due to the lack of residual soil activity, the use of triclopyr–diesel as a stem treatment is a highly selective method for controlling woody species and is an extremely safe treatment for nontarget species in the immediate vicinity. The results of field and greenhouse studies are also variable: for example, studies investigating a range of herbicides including trifluralin, alachlor, diazinon, triclopyr, imazapyr, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, and glyphosate at a range of rates up to 2× field rates found no effect on colonization of roots by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) or ectomycorrhizal fungi of crop plants or pine trees, respectively, even when plant growth was retarded (Burpee and Cole, 1978; Busse et al., 2004; Chakravarty and Chatarpaul, 1990; Mujica et al., 1999; Pasaribu et al., 2013). Triclopyr acid has different formulations for aquatic and terrestrial use. Very low–23713.98000 ppb, MATC (Maximum Acceptable Toxicant Concentration), Carcinogenicity[83]: EPA Group D, Not classifiable as a human carcinogen, European/International Regulations: Hazard Symbol: Xn, Xi, N; risk phrases: R22; R36; R43; R52; R63; safety phrases: S2; S24; S37; S60; S61 (see Appendix 1). Triclopyr products (often found in garden centers under commercial names like Brush-BGon ®) are generally much more effective on poison … In some large fields, draft animals are used for the first weeding or chemical weed killers are applied for those farmers who can afford them. UNII-HB98N76S9A. Weeding always takes place as early as possible and is repeated to guarantee a high crop yield. Triclopyr is most effective when applied to actively growing plants. Triclopry is a systemic herbicide used on rice, range land and pasture, rights-of-way, forestry and grasslands, including home lawns, for control of broadleaf weeds and woody plants. Triclopyr interferes with normal expansion and division of plant cells, resulting in distorted growth (cupped leaves, twisted stems, plugged vascular tissues). The surfactant component of Roundup, polyoxyethyleneamine (POEA), had a LC5 and LC50 of 2.2 and 2.7 mg/L, respectively. Triclopyr accumulates in the meristematic tissue (growth region) of the plant. The control of grass weeds is primarily accomplished by the application of preemergence herbicides (e.g., benzamide, ethofumesate, pendimethalin, prodiamine, oxadiazon, bensulide, dithiopyr, and simazine). Similar to the approach used in discovering resistance traits to bromoxynil and glufosinate, genes for resistance to dicamba and 2,4-D has been sourced from strains of soil bacteria that metabolize these compounds (Wright et al., 2010). Herbicides for Turfgrass Weeds. The ester form of triclopyr may cause eye irritation. The acyl CoA thioether subsequently reacts with the amino acid taurine in fish (James, 1976) to form an acylated amino acid conjugate, catalyzed by acyl-CoA-taurine aminoacyltransferase, which has its highest levels in the mitochondria of fish kidney and liver tissues (James, 1976). Uses. <>>> Labels related to ingredient - Triclopyr Triethylamine Salt. Control of nuisance aquatic weeds in lakes and ponds associated with parks and golf courses are also subjected to herbicide treatment. Fenoxaprop (Acclaim) has been determined to be an effective replacement for the arsenates. Related Resources. Keith B. Tierney, ... Mark Sekela, in Fish Physiology, 2013. 0 The applicant intends … Triclopyr, its triethylamine salt, and its butoxyethyl ester have all caused re-productive problems in laboratory tests. Ambayeba Muimba-Kankolongo, in Food Crop Production by Smallholder Farmers in Southern Africa, 2018. clopyralid triethylamine salt. Absorbed by roots, benfluralin inhibits microtubule formation by binding to tubulin, thereby disrupting cell division and leading to microfibril disorientation. Johnson, in Advances in Agronomy, 2009. White to colorless, feathery solid. Triclopyr triethylamine. Annual bluegrass (Poa), crabgrass, foxtail, goosegrass, Botton weed, clover (white), dandelion, knotweed, dichondra, mallow, plantain (broadleaf), Clover (white), dandelion, dichondra, knotweed, plantain (broadleaf). Caswell No. Tolerances are established for residues of the herbicide triclopyr, including its metabolites and degradates, in or on the commodities in the table below resulting from the application of the butoxyethyl ester of triclopyr, triethylamine salt of triclopyr, or choline salt of triclopyr. Help provide and enhance our service and tailor content and ads used herbicide on turf ( 26 % total... Is extremely resilient, and can often recover from herbicides that contain amine... To manage the risks of resistance is not available excellent weed control Methods Handbook, the first one and!, chickweed, lamb quarters, purslane, knotweed, clover, and corn is being developed formulated include... 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