We can look at the present at our deliverance from bondage to the law of Sin and Death and look forward to the new heaven and earth out Lord and Savior Jesus Christ is coming back to establish! The Fourth Cup not only tracks the author’s gradual conversion along the path of Evangelicalism to the doorsteps of the Catholic faith, but also explores the often obscure and misunderstood rituals of Passover and their importance in foreshadowing salvation in Jesus Christ. So when you read the Gospel accounts, “They sang a psalm and went out,” it was likely Psalm 118 which, incidentally, is a beautiful description of the work that the Messiah would do. Four Cups of Wine Do we know actually when the tradition of adding the four Cups of Wine was added to the Exodus 12 institution? EU contact options ›. Not one word from the book of Law as so this law is for us as well there are not many articles that speak of the Messianic meaning of these elements, they are looking back to the days of Egyptian bondage. He later consumed the fourth cup while hanging from the Cross. Jesus calls this cup "the new covenant in My blood, which is shed for you" (Luke 22:20). The second cup is called the cup of plagues. Passover is celebrated in the Spring (Image: Moment RF). During a famine his brothers came to Egypt to buy grain. Yet the original Passover story makes no It’s so important for Christians to have a proper understanding of Passover. I will REDEEM YOU WITH AN OUTSTRETCHED ARM and with great judgments. “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. Thank you so much for teaching on this. Required fields are marked *. Just as the Lord brought Israel our from under the bondage of the Egyptians, Jesus our Messiah sanctifies us and sets us apart with His blood shed on the cross for our sins. He kept his identity a secret and demanded that they return with their youngest brother, to prove they weren't spies. EU residents: Sorry but we can't take your info on this site. Also the 3rd cup of suffering was surely what Jesus was referring to when He said in the garden “take this cup from me”. The tradition of this cup is stated in Revelation 14: Rev 14:9 And the third angel followed them, saying with a loud voice, If any man worship the beast and his image, and receive his mark in his forehead, or in his hand, The Cup of Blessing (the berakah cup) – The third cup would be mixed and this is where the supper … “Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. 6:6. It is therefore a cup which many Believers who observe Passover do not take, because of the belief that it is for Jesus to give… The cup of redemption stood for more than the Hebrews' escape from Egypt; it stood for the plan and purpose of God for all the ages. Each year Jewish families retell these events through the seder, the ceremonial meal that commemorates Passover. If you have not yet visited the other posts on the Passover Seder in this series, I encourage you to do so first! I’ll be hosting a Seder at my place this Easter and will explain each element to my girlfriends, God bless you sister! After they betrayed and sold him into slavery in Egypt, God exalted Joseph to a place of great prominence and power. Yet, how the cup became a Passover symbol remains a mystery. The Cup of Deliverance 3. Used by permission. © 2020 Worth Beyond Rubies  Site Designed by Diane Ferreira, 4. What is the significance of the cup Jesus uses during His Passover observance? Won't you join me in praying that the mystery of this cup of blessing, which we bless, will be made known to the Jewish people as well? In calling this the cup of blessing as it was known in the Jewish Passover, the Apostle Paul points out the powerful connection between Passover and Holy Communion. Yet the original Passover story makes no mention whatsoever of a cup. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God. Until then, he invites you, “Come to the table. ENGLISH: The Fourth Cup analyzes the Last Supper and Passion of Christ in the perspective of Jewish tradition. All rights reserved. As we remember the story of Passover, as we celebrate the triumph of the Lamb (often during the season of Jesus' resurrection). The four cups of wine, known in Hebrew as arba kosot, are drunk by each participant at the Passover seder service. For Christians you look forward to the time we are with Him in our eternal home! Want to learn more on the mystery of this cup of blessing? Yet, it became the occasion for redemption and forgiveness. Do you remember the story of Joseph and his brothers? At the Passover seder, Jews usually drink four cups of wine while leaning to the left, according to the Haggadah service, but the reason why is elusive to many. As the sons of Israel were returning home for the second time, Joseph's soldiers intercepted them. The cup that brought them back to Egypt was, to them, a symbol of judgment and death. The Fourth Cup Also known as the "Cup of Praise or Restoration," it is believed that Messiah said that he would drink this cup of wine in the new kingdom of God and would not take it until then. On Passover, when we celebrate our physical freedom, ... wine, wash hands, vegetable, then matzoh (the main meal). And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. God had declared that He would make a new covenant because the previous covenant had become "broken" (Jeremiah 31:32). The first stage involves reciting the Kiddush blessing and drinking the first of four cups of wine. … Yet we also find the Psalmist crying out, "I will take up the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of the Lord" (Psalm 116:13). That tradition remains to this day. The Cup of Redemption 4. The Cup of Redemption is the third cup of the Passover Seder and is the first cup to be drunk after the meal. For Christians this also points to their own deliverance since Jesus our Messiah descends from the Jewish people. The fourth cup is often called hallel which means praise, though some traditions call it the cup of acceptance while still others use it as the cup of Elijah. This content was adapted from an earlier Jews for Jesus article. The Cup of Deliverance. He still has not drank from this fourth cup. But the Third Cup was different, very different. The Cup of Sanctification 2. The first two, He took in the traditional way. You’re absolutely right! The 4 th cup of the Seder is the Cup of Praise. The Apostle Paul calls it, "the cup of blessing which we bless," as well as "the cup of the Lord" (1 Corinthians 10:16,21). In this study, Dr. Pitre shows how the Jewish Passover is the key to understanding the Eucharist as both a meal and a sacrifice. • The Cup of Praise; the fourth cup: Of all the cups of Passover, this was the only one Jesus did not take at the Passover just prior to His death and resurrection. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "live31-20"; By calling the cup "the new covenant in my blood," Jesus makes a direct reference to the promise of Jeremiah 31. The Cup of Consummation or “The Fourth Cup”. These days, no one likes to talk about the judgment of the Lord. For more detailed information, please visit our Affiliate Disclaimer page. This is true of any other affiliate links within this post. I will RESCUE you from their bondage, and 3. Before saving faith, there is utter darkness. He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.” (ESV). The four cups of Passover are a picture of God’s deliverance of Israel. And then there's the third cup, Despite the agony of separation from the Father, our Lord was willing to drink this cup, to bear this judgment, to suffer this horror and death that we might be free and forgiven. He hid his own silver cup in his youngest brother's sack of grain. The Passover climaxed with the singing of the “Great Hallel” (Psalms 114-118) and the drinking of the fourth cup of wine. This cup embodies the problem of judgment as well as the promise of redemption. So for us to understand what Christ did in the Upper Room when He instituted the Eucharist, we need a short lesson on the Jewish Passover meal. It is the cup of completion. In fact, the only biblical mention of a cup in connection with Passover is in the New Testament. Each time the cup is filled, it has a different name. amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; In His humanity, Jesus could wish that this cup of judgment—the one that everyone except Him deserved for breaking of God's covenant—would pass over Him. JEWISH PASSOVER MEAL (The Fourth Cup & Lamb of God) The next part that we are going to review is the Jewish Passover meal. The New Testament names one of the cups—the cup taken after supper, which is traditionally the third cup. Yet, it is a … Thank you for making this series, I took a lot of notes! We will look at each of the Passover cups individually and I will show you their significance both in the Seder and as it pertains to our Messiah, Yeshua. I pray that every gospel tract our Jews for Jesus staff distributes, every book or video we mail, every personal visit we conduct may become like that cup of Joseph, hidden away for God's purpose, leading to final salvation in Jesus. We continue our look at the Passover by looking at the other elements of the Seder, with a focus on the 4 cups. Your email address will not be published. Sign up for our monthly updates and special announcements. “Say therefore to the people of Israel, ‘I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians…” (ESV). . What Are the Four Cups of Passover? Throughout the Hebrew Scriptures the cup is often used as a symbol of God's judgment. He drank the first two cups in the traditional way. They all tore their clothes in horror and returned with Benjamin to Egypt. Please note that this article may contain affiliate links. Most agree that the first cup is the Kiddush, which means sanctification. This is the cup Yeshua speaks of in Matthew 26:29: “I tell you I will not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it new with you in my Father’s kingdom.” (ESV). He will wipe away every tear from their eyes, and death shall be no more, neither shall there be mourning, nor crying, nor pain anymore, for the former things have passed away.” (ESV), The 4 Cups of Passover Messianic Passover Seder Part 3. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; It reminds me of another cup that blends the problem and the promise. Passover for the Jewish people is a time to reflect on God’s plan for mankind since the foundations of the earth. We do know that by the time Jesus observed the Passover, drinking a cup during the meal was an official part of the observance. He will dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be with them as their God. “I will bring you out.” Ex. The Passover cup is one of the central symbols of this holiday known as the Feast of Redemption. The fourth cup of the Jewish Passover is the time of wrath foreshadowed in the Lord's Passover in Egypt. amzn_assoc_region = "US"; What greater blessing can there be than that which Messiah purchased for us in His death, burial and resurrection? Opinions vary as to what certain cups actually symbolize. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, “Behold, the dwelling place of God is with man. The four cups of Passover, although part of a Jewish seder, can help the Christian learn more about the Jewish roots of their faith! Judgment and salvation, wrath and redemption are brought together in the mystery of one cup, explained by the Messiah in that upper room. Find out if there is an upcoming presentation near you. The first cup is the blessing of the festival day, it's the kiddush cup. Learn how your comment data is processed. That cup became an indictment against Benjamin and a symbol of judgment—certain death, as far as the brothers could see. And, I might add on my own that even though it was vinegar that was given to Jesus on the Cross, vinegar comes from wine undergoing an acidic additional fermentation it was still the fourth cup, bitter indeed and corresponding to the actual bloody sacrifice. This page/post may contain affiliate links. God poured out His judgment on the Egyptians, but spared the Israelites who obeyed Him by placing the blood of a lamb on the doorposts of their homes. As I read the OT, I often think “why aren’t Christians doing this today, especially since in Exodus 12:14, the Lord calls it a lasting ordinance! You can read my full disclosure at the bottom of the page or visit my Affiliate Disclosure Page. During the Passover seder, or ceremony there are traditionally four cups of wine: In the New Testament – Luke 22 Jesus sends Peter and John out to go and make preparations for the Passover. Then, he will drink that fourth and last cup. Which cups did Yeshua drink during his early Passover Seder with his disciples? While it may be difficult for Gentile Christians unfamiliar with the Haggadah to perceive the serious disorder this sequence represents, it is not lost to Jewish readers and students of the seder. Bless you!! Learning about the Passover overall can be so important for the Christian and deepen their walk with the Lord. To violate a covenant agreement with God would surely incur His wrath and judgment—a terrible cup! If you purchase them, we will earn a small commission AT NO ADDITIONAL COST TO YOU. third cup, other prayrers, then fourth cup. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases at no additional cost to you. During the Protestant Reformation, the Reformers rejected the idea that the Eucharist is a sacrifice. Jesus declared that this new covenant would be poured from the cup of salvation in His blood. Later that evening in the garden of Gethsemane He cried out to the Lord in anguished prayer, "Father, if it is Your will, take this cup away from Me; nevertheless not My will, but Yours, be done" (Luke 22:42). Instead of proceeding immediately to the climax of the Passover, the drinking of the fourth cup, we read: “And when they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives” (Mark 14:26). When the hour came, He reclined at the table, and the apostles with Him. When Jesus celebrated this feast with His disciples He raised a cup at least twice during the meal to make important statements about Himself (Luke 22:17, 20). Jewish tradition says little else about the cups—though we're told they should be filled with red wine to remind us of the blood of the Passover lamb. The second cup of wine occurs really at the beginning of the Passover liturgy itself, and that involves the singing of psalm 113. amzn_assoc_linkid = "929fb8de0b678a9e5c54c59ae36239d7"; Reply. The first cup is called Sanctification (I will bring you out from under the yoke of the Egyptians), the second is Blessing (I will free you from being slaves to them), the third is Redemption (I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and mighty acts of judgment) and the fourth is Acceptance (I will take you as my people and I will be your God.) I ask if it was the 3rd cup because the gospels only refer to 2 cups taken at this point. Every spring, in the weeks leading up to Easter, many of our staff are teaching about Christ in the Passover all around North America. Now this part is not quoted directly from the Bible. But instead, God promised a new covenant of grace and salvation. It is this last of the Passover cups that has the Jewish people look toward their acceptance into the Kingdom of the Father! 1. As Christians, you experienced redemption by the blood of the Lamb, once and for all! With this cup, we begin the Passover seder. “Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law by becoming a curse for us—for it is written, “Cursed is everyone who is hanged on a tree”—(ESV), “I will take you to be my people, and I will be your God, and you shall know that I am the Lord your God, who has brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.” (ESV). Cup of Praise: The Fourth cup of the Seder. It is believed that it is the Cup of Redemption that Jesus instructed the disciples to partake of in the last supper, since both accounts in Matthew 26:27 and Luke 22:19 describe the cup being taken after the meal. The Cup of Hallel (Praise or Acceptance) The latter combine the second cup (plagues) with hallel—because we praise God for the plagues He used to bring us out of Egypt. 26:27-39).Jesus told his disciples that He would not drink the fourth cup (the Cup of Restoration), but promised to do so with them in the coming Kingdom (Matt. His arms outstretched on a tree, He gave Himself up for us to redeem us, save us and sanctify us! “And because of him you are in Christ Jesus, who became to us wisdom from God, righteousness and sanctification and redemption…” (ESV), “…and I will deliver you from slavery to them…” (ESV). None of these references mentions the Passover. amzn_assoc_title = "Books by friends I recommend reading"; More posts like The Four Cups of Passover you might enjoy: CELEBRATING PASSOVER AS A CHRISTIAN – THE SEDER PART ONE, THE TRUMPET WILL SOUND – ROSH HASHANAH & CHRISTIANITY, GRAFTED IN MEANING – JEW AND GENTILE, ONE IN MESSIAH, PASSOVER SEDER FOR CHRISTIAN FAMILIES AND CHURCHES, Scripture quoted in The 4 Cups of Passover Messianic Passover Seder Part 3 are from The ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®), copyright © 2001 by Crossway, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers. The roots of this sacrament are sunk deep in the eternal plan of God, which is unfolded through the pages of Scripture, as well as in the traditions of God's chosen people, the Jews. amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; Yet, the themes of judgment and salvation are woven together beautifully in the Passover story. Both Jesus and Paul draw on something from Jewish tradition to provide insights not previously understood. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. And the fourth cup was the cup of consummation. So the symbol of the cup carries with it pictures of both wrath and redemption, of judgment and blessing. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; Spiritual Warfare and Trials, Fear and Anxiety, 100+ Amazing Resources for Christian Women, Christian Book Reviews and Product Recommendations for 2020. For example, the cup of fury, the cup of judgment, the cup of trembling and the cup of horror and desolation appear throughout the Old Testament. amzn_assoc_asins = "B00CXVTYLU,1981806210,1683147898,1501869744,0825424593"; He gives them exact instructions and a location. Thank you Bailey!! I will BRING YOU OUT from under the burdens of the Egyptians, 2. They found Joseph's cup and accused Benjamin of theft. Yet, as the obedient Son of God, Jesus knew that the cup of blessing could only be poured out for the salvation of many if He would first drink the cup of God's judgment on all humanity. I am so glad you enjoyed it and found it helpful!! Visit our events page. Adonai redeemed the Jewish people for Himself. And then the Passover concluded with the drinking of the fourth cup. Jesus is reclining on the floor and leading the Passover Seder when He says, “ I say to you, I shall not drink again of this fruit of the vine until that day when I drink it with you new and of superior quality in My Father’s kingdom.”