The word CONVERGENT means coming closer together; converging (like two roads or two rivers that come together to form one. This type of thinking requires you to expand your mind and find innovative solutions. These general guidelines are beneficial to enhance creativity with convergent thinking: Do not dismiss novelty ideas. Examples are IQ tests, standardized tests, math quizzes, and spelling tests. Focusing your consideration set is convergent thinking. Now, let’s go back to the first example. One without the other doesn’t make sense. Students benefit from outlining because it offers structure. Par contre, une pensée convergente linéaire est nécessaire pour les questionnaires à choix multiples, par exemple. Gathering various tidbits of facts and data he was able to put the pieces of a puzzle together and come up with a logical answer to the question: Who done it? Convergent thinking is a problem solving technique in which ideas from different fields or participants are brought together (synthesized) to find a single optimum solution to a clearly defined problem. Ideally, it leads to one correct answer or method to solve a problem. If overwhelmed, take a break from the process and return later with a fresh perspective. Hippocampus 26(7):835–40. The main types of convergent plate margin and Students cannot ‘choose the best answer’ on their exam without methodically eliminate the incorrect answers first. Divergent thinking refers to a way of solving problems wherein a variety of possible solutions are proposed in an effort to find one that works. The questions structure the thinking process. Electrodes on the scalp measure a person’s brain waves. Urban and Jellan [33]. Give your team a break. That’s okay. Standardized tests are convergent; so is an IQ test. You’ve found your solution. Harvard instructors like Anne Manning suggest another approach to convergent and divergent thinking. After establishing clear goals, those goals become the basis for the thought process. But they were quickly getting shot down. It requires us to learn things in order to get good scores in exams. Imagine sitting in class shading the bubble on a multiple-choice test. These two cognitive approaches, when used appropriately, can be used to solve just about any problem that you face. It’s necessary! Convergent Thinking. Like this type of thinking, we practice executive function skills in daily life. No wonder the group became worn out so fast! Convergent and divergent thinking require two different parts of the brain. As you can infer, it emphasizes finding the single, optimal solution to a given problem and usually demands thinking at the first or second Depth of Knowledge (DoK) level. Here is an example. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. Ce n'est pas la méthode employée par le raisonnement divergent, car ce dernier est associé à quatre caractéristiques principales [6] X Source de recherche : The goal of divergent thinking is to focus on a subject, in a free-wheeling way, to think of solutions that may not be obvious or predetermined. By combining like-ideas, grouping makes the data easier to find the most accurate solution to the problem. In the meeting mentioned at the beginning of this video, your team was constantly switching back and forth between convergent and divergent thinking. Divergent thinking is the generation of ideas and convergent thinking explores ideas to put them in motion. 2. (2012). It generally means the ability to give the "correct" answer to standard questions that do not require significant creativity, for instance in most tasks in school and … Regulating emotions is the ability to deal with feelings, which is essential in times of stress. But let’s approach this same problem with our “convergent thinking cap.” Disney World? Step out of the ‘norm’ to courageously approach new ideas others do not understand. Certainly it has it’s place. Is salt This site uses Cookies to improve your online experience. Then, hold a meeting that is focused solely on convergent thinking. Cheyanne is currently studying psychology at North Greenville University. Convergent thinking is a term coined by Joy Paul Guilford as the opposite of divergent thinking. It relies heavily on logic. go hand-in-hand. Let’s say you’re planning an event, and trying to figure out where to have the event. Personality traits are categorized into 5 basic dimensions. Convergent thinking isn’t bad or unproductive. When presented with a problem, it allows someone to arrive at a solution by analyzing the information available to them and later applying established rules and reasoning. The next time you’re faced with a problem, try this batching technique. They were first introduced to the world in 1956 by an American psychologist named J.P. Guilford. Thus, poor inhibitory control is a disadvantage for convergent thinking. By narrowing down ideas that would not possibly work, you can find the one or two ideas that will work without a hitch. Convergent thinking is the process of determining the correct answer to a problem. Variety of tests, such as multiple choice tests, standardized tests, quizzes, spelling tests and similar other tests require convergent thinking, because only one answer can be 100% correct. This part of the thinking process requires looking for fallacies and potential problems. Teachers are wise to deliver rigid, well-defined information for convergent thinking—not unfocused, open-ended ideas subjected to change. Be deliberate when practicing convergent thinking. Kennedy utilized data and facts to find out how the U.S. could defeat the Russians in the space conquest. With its focus on filtering ideas, convergent thinking demands the managing of emotions. Mind maps are the best way to put the results of divergent thinking on paper. Convergent thinking function is greater when lower levels of dopamine—the chemical for arousal, thinking, and planning—are present in the nervous system. Now, let’s go back to the first example. Guide all questions around the objectives. 18 sentence examples: 1. Critical thinking … Expression through diverse active cultural activities, such as dancing, performing, music, or drawing You should identify 3 - 5 categories. Filtering can be used to eliminate, in its extreme application, some possibilities entirely from further consideration. Convergent vs Divergent Thinking (Definitions + Examples). Or, a medical student can be either a doctor or nothing. Both start with asking simple questions from a curious mind. When a person does not have inhibition, it also impacts their attention. Convergent thinking is a cognitive process (a mode of critical thinking) in which a person attempts to find a single, correct answer to a problem. Using inspiration from your previous brainstorms, you can truly make your event the greatest it can be, or solve any problem efficiently. Class discussions between students and the teacher also contribute to convergent learning, as it is an opportunity to filter out incorrect ideas. Although divergent thinking is unconcerned with limitations, the ‘best’ solution determined by convergent thinking tasks cannot be deterred by extensive limitations. They measure logic, reasoning, basic knowledge, and thought flow. Would you have to worry about noise complaints? Objectiveness is focal for the organization and planning. Your email address will not be published. What do you predict will happen? It is necessary for creativity too. However, cognition does affect mood. Studies of patients with hippocampal damage suggest that the ability to apply convergent thinking is associated with the hippocampus, the part of the brain responsible for memory (Warren et al., 2016). Most assume only divergent thinking is associated with creativity, but that is incorrect. Your task is to practice convergent thinking by grouping similar ideas together. Questions beginning with “what,” who,” “when,” or “where” are typically convergent thinking questions. These skills have a predominant role in creativity. The new hotel down the street? A certain degree of training for convergent thinking need some methods and techniques. Where do you like to study? (2020, June). Being linear and systematic, convergent thinking is straightforward. The amount of people that you expect to attend the event. Finally any head string which uses the convergent node number must be removed as it is no longer available. 2. The achievement of this remarkable feat called for the making of a lot of new technologies to design and manufacture the rockets, lunar modules, spacesuits and other necessary equipment. Filtering, as a convergent thinking technique, explicitly recognizes the awful truth of intelligence analysis - there is never enough time. There was divergent thinking happening - each person was coming up with an “out of the box” idea. Inhibition is an executive function that utilizes attention and reasoning to control impulsive, automatic responses. Which is smaller 5/16 or 3/8? As you can see, both of these processes are necessary to come to a solution. Both outlining and grouping are vital to the technique known as filtering. He is sure to arrive at the one best solution and answer to the problem at hand most of the time. Additionally, attention helps sustain initiation—the executive function responsible for beginning a task and finishing it to completion. And multitasking is not as effective as you may think. Free 3-in-1 Personality Test (Big 5, DARK Triad, Meyers Briggs), Information Processing Theory (Definition + Examples), Stimulus Response Theory (Definition + Examples), Prejudice vs Stereotype (Definitions + Examples), Fixed vs. Growth Mindset: Thinking and Examples, Functional Fixedness (Definition + Examples), Deductive Reasoning (Definition + Examples). Things in order to get good scores in exams Cookies to improve your online experience for. To overcome barriers to the same coin—of critical thinking … convergent thinking leader, the!, 76 ( 5 ), 634–640 different concepts, convergent thinking relies more on creativity previously stated, thinking! People in it form of multitasking are also involved possibilities entirely from consideration... To arrive at the single best solution to a multiple choice question is an IQ test consideration is! 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