See more. ("Auschwitz" is the German name for "Oświęcim.") From 1940 to 1945, the Auschwitz-Birkenau complex was the largest of the Nazi death camps, was comprised of three central hubs and dozens of subcamps. It was established by Germans in 1940, in the suburbs of Oswiecim, a Polish city that was annexed to the Third Reich by the Nazis. The prisoner numbers have become a synonym of dehumanization that struck the deportees of the concentration camp. She spent a year in prison, and then the Nazis transferred her in June 1943 to Auschwitz. Other (including concentration camps): 34,000; With the deportations from Hungary, the role of Auschwitz-Birkenau in the German plan to murder the Jews of Europe achieved its highest effectiveness. These numbers were to serve efficient "management" of camps, performed by the SS teams. It was characterized by a centralist and authoritarian structure. Auschwitz Birkenau was the largest of the concentration camp complexes created by the Nazi German regime and was the one which combined extermination with forced labour. Over 100,000 German translations of English words and phrases. Precise numbers are still debated, but according to the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, the German SS systematically killed at least 960,000 of … All over the world, Auschwitz has become a symbol of terror, genocide, and the Shoah. Nazi definition, a member of the National Socialist German Workers' Party, which controlled Germany from 1933 to 1945 under Adolf Hitler and advocated totalitarian government, territorial expansion, anti-Semitism, and Aryan supremacy, all these leading directly to World War II and the Holocaust. When studying the Holocaust, one can come across numerous terms in many different languages as the Holocaust affected people from all sorts of backgrounds, be it German, Jewish, Roma and so on. Noun 1. The complex was a place of forced labor and mass murder.No collection of pictures can show the horrors that occurred within Auschwitz, but perhaps this collection of historical … When German soldiers first imprisoned Dabrowska, they executed her accomplices, including her brother. The Nazi policy of spoliation, degradation and extermination of the Jews was rooted in a racist and anti-Semitic ideology propagated by the Third Reich. Prisoner numbers in the system of German Nazi concentration camps . The Nazi (National Socialist German Workers') Party: The Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei /natsional sotsialistishe doiche abaita patai/ or NSDAP was founded in Germany on January 5, 1919. Jan. 27 marks International Holocaust Remembrance Day, commemorating the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp by Soviet forces in WWII. The Schutzstaffel (SS), led by Heinrich Himmler, ran the death camps and concentration camps in Nazi Germany. Its name was changed to Auschwitz, which also became the name of Konzentrationslager Auschwitz. In German, Auschwitz was called Konzentrationslager Auschwitz (KZ Auschwitz), which means "Auschwitz concentration camp." This glossary lists slogans, code names, names of important people, dates, slang words and more to help you understand these terms in alphabetical order. German Translation of “holocaust” | The official Collins English-German Dictionary online. Between late April and early July 1944, approximately 440,000 Jews were deported from Hungary. The Auschwitz camps were in a town in Poland called Oświęcim. Auschwitz was the largest of the Nazi concentration camp complexes in German-occupied Poland, consisting of 45 satellite and three main camps: Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II - Birkenau and Auschwitz III - Monowitz. German Nazi synonyms, German Nazi pronunciation, German Nazi translation, English dictionary definition of German Nazi. 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