Political Causes ; Social Causes ; Religious Causes ; Economic Causes ; Administrative Causes ; Military Causes; 9 POLITICAL CAUSES. PRE-1857 REVOLTS CIVIL UPRISINGS Sanyasi Revolt (1763-1800): The disastrous famine of 1770 and the harsh economic order of the British compelled a group of sanyasis in Eastern India to fight the British yoke. Indians were ill-treated and poorly behaved by the Whites which outraged the people of India. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. Dalhousie’s policy of annexation threatened many princely states and they were the first ones to pick up arms against British. Ruin of agriculture by draconian land reforms. Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. (iii) Cancellation of princely titles. Answer. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. The rebellion was first started by sepoys of the company’s army on May 10, 1857 at Meerut. Prior to the revolt of 1857, there were several rumours circulating in the society. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. The imperialist policy of the East India Company was an important factor. What are the Economic causes the revolt of 1857. Bareily: 1. In this article, we have summarized the causes… Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Causes of Revolt of 1857 The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and … The political objective of the 1857 uprising was to overthrow British rule and replace it with an alternate order. Some other reasons that led to the formation of the revolt of 1857 were the economical discrimination. Originally peasants, even some evicted from land, these sanyasis were joined by a large number of dispossessed small zamindars, disbanded soldiers and rural poor. IMPORTANT BOOKS ON REVOLT OF 1857: The Revolt of 1857 is an important landmark in the history of India which occurred during the governor generalship of LORD CANNING. The real command was in the hands of Bakht Khan who had ... Kanpur: Lucknow: Jhansi. Economic Exploitation. The Revolt of 1857 ended an era and sowed the seeds of a new era i.e., the era of Territorial Expansion gave place to the ear of Economic Exploitation. The Revolt of 1857 convinced the British the futility of interfering in the traditional socio-religious customs of India. Peasants, rural artisans etc. Economic cause; Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. The traders were also paid less. How long will the footprints on the moon last? In history ,they say two types of causes—basic causes and immediate causes.immediate cause of this revolt is well discussed.that was the resentment of soldiers belonging to both the communities over use of a newly introduced cartridge. (ii) Unemployment of craftsmen. • The Indian public which does not like sudden changes was applied with the new laws and customs which were anathema to th… This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. How many candles are on a Hanukkah menorah? The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic,socio-religious and military causes. Which among the following was not an economic cause of the revolt of 1857? 1. (iii) Cancellation of princely titles. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. Economic Causes. Your IP: 144.76.6.36 (ii) Satara, Jhansi, Udaipur, Jaipur came under British control. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. (iv) Removal of kings from the power. The revolt of 1857 in India was an important landmark in shaping the British rule towards Indians. (v) Unemployment of Soldiers. British expansionist policies, most of Raja’s, Nawab’s and zamindar’s, were either dispossessed or became subsidiary to the British 2. India now came under the direct rule of the British Crown. The Questions and Answers of What were the political causes of revolt of 1857? The company s policy of greed and aggrandisement created contempt in the mind of people for the company s rule which was further worsened due to aloofness of the British towards sensitivities of the Indian society. A) Heavy taxation. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. Subsidiary alliance and Doctrine of Lapsepolicy hampered the interests of the rulers of the native states 3. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. Following are the economic causes of the uprising of 1857: In order to consolidate their hegemony over India, the British Government bought cheap raw material from India and then flooded the Indian markets with their finished goods. were impoverished under the British rule. # The Ruin of the Trade and Handicrafts:The East India Company had been established in 1600 A.D. to compete with the Dutch in pepper trade. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. are solved by group of students and teacher of Class 8, which is also the largest student community of Class 8. 2. The British policy of economically exploiting India also became one of the causes of the revolt. (iv) Removal of kings from the power. Lord Dalhousies policy of annexation and the Doctrine of lapse had made the Indian rulers angry and insecure. The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed up in the following words: First, the Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organization to rule over a country. MEDIUM. 2. What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? The main problem with Britishers was that they only came in India to exploit its resources which could hardly be seen by the Indian rulers of that time. The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. The peasants, artisans and craftsmen suffered poor economic conditions under the British. You can study other questions, MCQs, videos and tests for Class 8 on EduRev and even … Massive Unemployment : Total uprooting of artisans and local sources of employment was another cause why the Revolt of 1857 could be brought about. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. The revolt of 1857 was though a regional manifestation yet the causes and the events that instigated the revolt were surely having a Pan-Indian characteristic. Economic Factors (Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857): This was a vital factor as it affected a large section of Indian society. Economic aspects can be seen in the basic reasons of this revolution.it's not that difficult as there is a very strong stream of historiography that uses theory of economic … The political objective of the 1857 uprising was to overthrow British rule and replace it with an alternate order. Economic. Explain the political and economic causes for the revolt of 1857. British expansionist policies, most of Raja’s, Nawab’s and zamindar’s, were either dispossessed or became subsidiary to the British 2. • Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Thus, the territorial greed of the British and the reaction of the Indian princes against that aggression was the political cause of the Revolt of 1857. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. The peasants were pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of interest from the moneylenders just for survival. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Indian became a typical colony of the British, by exporting raw materials and importing British goods. The revolt of 1857 witnessed in large parts of North and Central India was an armed rebellion triggered due to number of political and economic policies of British. They one by one became victims of British expansionism 4… (ii) Satara, Jhansi, Udaipur, Jaipur came under British control. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. The discontent and disaffection of Indians ultimately manifested in the form of the Great Rebellion of 1857. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… Economic Causes: (i) Industrial revolution. At the same time, an Indian sepoy killed two British officers at Barrackpore, when he was forced to use greased cartridges. A natural concequences of the British rule was the economic exploitation of the country. The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). to start IES Prep and Strategy, 8 Tips Card, GATE 3. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… economic causes of revolt of 1857 » Zamindars were forced to collect heavy taxes from peasants and if they were not able to collect than zamindari will be passed to someone else which infuriated them and these are the people who mostly lead the revolts. The revolt of 1857 was initiated due to various factors which are stated below: Religious & Social Causes – racism or racial discrimination was believed to be a major reason for the revolt of 1857 wherein Indians were exploited and were kept away from mixing with Europeans. Not a shilling was spent from the British treasury on the defense of the India. Explain the political and economic causes for the revolt of 1857. Cloudflare Ray ID: 606689f4fadcc290 The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. Other general causes of revolt were the British land revenue policies and the systems of law and administration. 1. Other general causes of revolt were the British land revenue policies and the systems of law and administration. Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt Major Causes Of 1857 Revolt. The economic policies of the British were mainly exploitative and led to the severe destruction of the Indian economy. 1. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. The British, after the Revolt of 1857, decided to concentrate in providing a sound and efficient administratio… British rule had adversely affected the interest of almost all sections of society and severely affected the way of life in India. One such rumour was the use of grease cartridges in enfeild rifles. The main event which became the immediate cause of the war was the refusal of the Sepoys to use the grease covered cartridges (greased with fat of pig and cow) on January 23, 1857. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. The Revolt of 1857 is called as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ‘Great Revolt’ and the ‘First War of Indian Independence‘ is the turning point in the account of pre-independent and early colonial India. The Indian Sepoy were underpaid whereas their European counterpart were not. The Rani of Jhansi Laxmibai was not allowed to adopt a son. Major Centres of Revolt; Causes of Revolt. Economic causes were among the major causes of this rebellion. Answer. The discontent and disaffection of Indians ultimately manifested in the form of the Great Rebellion of 1857. The revolt of 1857 also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, the Great Rebellion and India s first war of independence was the result of colonial policies of the British Raj and prolonged resentment of different sections of Indian society such as Sepoys, Zamindars, Peasants, Artisans against discriminatory British policies. The whites also started interfering in the religious and cultural affairs of Indians and … The middle and upper classes of India … Causes of Revolt of 1857. There was discrimination not only in the lower level, it prevailed in every level of the economy. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Here is the complete list of all books and authors .have a look. # The Ruin of the Trade and Handicrafts:The East India Company had been established in 1600 A.D. to compete … The policy of taxing lands belonging to temples and mosques lent further … The Revolt of 1857 which is called ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ... Economic Causes: Added to political and administrative distrust for the British East India Company, the economic policies of the British resulted in impoverishing all the segments of the Indian society except a handful of collaborators among the Indians. Political causes: (i) Policy of Doctrine of Lapse. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. Explain the military causes which led to the revolt of 1857. Causes Of The Revolt Of 1857. D) increased pressure on agricultural land View Answer / Hide Answer India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. A lot of books written in this period revolt of 1857. Causes of the Revolt of 1857. The self-confidence of the British and their plans for the rapid westernization of India through social reforms were shattered. The tenure of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian natives are concerned. Course and Spread of the Revolt: Delhi: On 12 th May Delhi was seized and Bahadur Shah II was proclaimed the emperor of India. Same time, an Indian Sepoy were underpaid whereas their European counterpart not... 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